Another weakness of the original Likert scale
is the statement that either a mean score or summated score could be utilized.
Respondents answer based on a five-point Likert scale
ranging from 1 = Not much to 5 = A lot.
In addition to numerous established measures, a review of the social work literature reveals that researchers commonly use Likert scales
in the development of new instruments that tap a broad array of constructs.
In all cases except one, a accurate response will occupy two spaces on the Likert scale
Therefore, Jung's theory and the utilization of the MBTI, combined with a likert scale
, is an appropriate means of studying the relationship between subjects' personality types and their preferred business communication topics.
As for the E-JAM, the first two areas utilize a 4-point Likert scale
and the third summarizes information in narrative form.
Again, a four-point Likert scale
was used to determine the degree to which each HMO used these mechanisms, with 4 representing "to a very great extent.
Symptom severity was assessed on an 11-point Likert scale
(with 0 = "not present" and 10 = "as bad as you can imagine") for pain, fatigue, nausea, sleep problems, shortness of breath, depression, memory problems, concentration problems, weight loss, hair loss, hot flashes, and skin problems.
Table 1 shows pre and post student responses to Likert scale
questions on the questionnaires.
Yet on a Likert scale
, "very comfortable" was selected by just 11% regarding diagnosis and 7% regarding ongoing management of food allergies, Dr.
Participants in this study responded to VPI-C items using a 7-point Likert scale
(1 = "strongly disinterested," 7 = "strongly interested").
Data collected were: 1) tutors' plans for each tutoring session, 2) audiotapes of representative lessons, and 3) questionnaires that included Likert scale
and open response items.