The model outputs are hourly energy consumption and operating cost for fans, pumps, and chillers, and total energy and life-cycle costs
It allows specifiers to compare either the initial and life-cycle costs
of hot-dip galvanizing or a duplex system to various other corrosion protection coatings.
Target costing is an activity which is aimed at reducing the life-cycle costs
of new products, by examining all possibilities for cost reduction at the research, development and production stage.
The articles, and the SDL course upon which it is based, are intended to provide techniques for plant design and control that require little or no added engineering time compared to standard practice but at the same time result in significantly reduced plant life-cycle costs
GAO's objectives were to (1) develop an independent estimate of the full life-cycle costs
to homeport a nuclear aircraft carrier at Mayport and (2) determine to what extent the Navy's estimate meets the characteristics of a high-quality cost estimate.
According to a 2005 Roofing Industry Alliance for Progress survey of building owners, the three most important considerations for selecting a new roof are, in order of priority: 1) installed cost, 2) the quality of installation, and 3) life-cycle costs
Various States and organizations also have established their own procedures for analyzing life-cycle costs
The inherent strengths of HPC allow for greater design efficiencies, shorter construction cycles, and lower life-cycle costs
But because of its long life span, its life-cycle costs
may outweigh the first-costs.
Current resins and adhesives lack adequate strength, stiffness, durability, and reasonable life-cycle costs
to revolutionize composites and construction methods, and thus capture large, new industrial markets.
The result is the potential for lower deployment and life-cycle costs
, and higher revenue per subscriber.
3 billion life-cycle costs
will be spent on seven major contracts.