Occupational licensing can then essentially solve a lemons problem
. Consider electricians.
Even if there are a large number of buyers of high quality products and sellers willing to meet their demand, the existence of the so-called Lemons Problem
can generate markets where low quality goods dominate since providers of high quality goods cannot credibly signal the quality of their products due to the noise from their low quality rivals.
The approach to valuation and the derivation of target prices that we presented in our re-initiation report RUSSIAN BANKS: The Lemons Problem
(released 9 Nov 2011) was based primarily on a stresstest scenario for the sector.
This occurs from the association of a lemons problem
in the issue of new capital (a lemons problem
is the problem of existing information asymmetry in a market).
Avoiding the potential "lemons problem
" is more difficult because legal and accounting constraints require the SPV to be separate from the sponsor.
This is Akerlof's (1970) familiar Lemons Problem
. Second, like Smith's directors, the blues musician's ability and willingness to work can be affected by the asset sale itself.
Once again, as in the used-car market and the insurance industry, a "lemons problem
The use of auction markets to study the various issues associated with the lemons problem
is somewhat novel.
(10.) This is a classic "lemons problem
" (so named after transactions in used cars).
In Li  I show in a pure barter economy that under certain circumstances, middlemen emerge endogenously to ameliorate the lemons problem
in the exchange of goods.
Unfortunately, a simple lemons problem
occurs for pension plans that wish to fund ETIs.
If this happens repeatedly, they stay out of the apple market, so we have a lemons problem
(undersupply of nonrotten apples).