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Payment of a financial obligation earlier than is expected or required.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


A heavy metal shown to cause learning disabilities, behavioral problems, seizures, and even death in children.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 3 to 4 million children had elevated lead levels in their blood in 1978. The number has now been reduced to several hundred thousand, but elevated lead levels in blood is still the leading environmentally induced illness in children.

Federal law that went into effect in 1996 requires sellers and landlords of properties built before 1978 (when lead-based paint became illegal) to do the following before any contract or lease becomes final:

1. Provide a copy of the EPA booklet, “Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home.”
2. Disclose any known information concerning lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.
3. Provide any records and reports on lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards.
4. Include an attachment to the contract or lease (or language inserted in the lease itself) that includes a lead warning statement and confirms that the seller or landlord has complied with all notification requirements.
5. Provide home buyers a 10-day period to conduct a paint inspection or risk assessment for lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ionising radiation levels accumulated by the surgeon over the 2-month period were 5.98 mSv at the umbilical region on the outside of the lead apron, 0.34 mSv at the umbilical region under the apron, and 1.87 mSv at the thyroid.
In the case of standard x-rays, where a lead apron is not worn and the examiner remains in the control room, the dosimeter should be worn on the trunk at waist level facing anteriorly or on the upper chest at collar level.
All badges should be kept in a single location within the department, away from all radiation sources, heat and humidity.[2] When you are not working, your film badge should be returned to its appropriate designated area, not left on the collar of your lab coat or on a lead apron.
Newport, KY, September 24, 2014 --(PR.com)-- According to new laws, testing lead aprons is now a requirement from the State X-Ray Boards and The Joint Commission.
According to LaDue, his company's CoolVest product has four zones for evenly-distributed cooling and patented non-kink tubing to prevent cooling zones from being closed off as a result of wearing heavy lead aprons and other restrictive surgical garments.
Because X-rays are used to allow the doctor to monitor what is going on inside the patient, it means that doctors standing close to the patient wear radiation shields such as lead aprons which are burdensome.
Construction workers wear hard hats; flight line workers wear bright colors and earplugs; radiology techs wear lead aprons or stand behind a lead wall--the list goes on and on.
Shielding of the abdomen and pelvis with lead aprons should be done if feasible.
Wearing gloves, face masks, and lead aprons to shield them from plutonium's radioactivity, they remove the plutonium pit from the bomb's warhead.
Radiation exposure, along with the physical strain of wearing heavy lead aprons for radiation protection, is a professional risk that physicians who work with fluoroscopy have long endured.
In addition, they take full precautions to limit dental care patients' exposure to any radiation, including using lead aprons and thyroid guards and using digital X-rays only when necessary.