labour law

(redirected from Labour policy)
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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
SARGODHA -- Punjab Minister for Labour and Human Resources Ansar Majeed Niazi has said that social security hospitals would be established across the province and new labour policy was being evolved which would be presented in the assembly soon.
They demanded convening of a national labour conference to devise a new labour policy. The meeting was addressed by United Workers Welfare Organisation leaders, Zafar Saif Khattak, Malik Naveed and others.
Pakistan's first labour policy was devised in 1972 wherein May 1 was declared an official holiday for the first time.
Ume Laila Azhar, Executive Director, HomeNet Pakistan, said the PTI government has taken numerous steps to ensure social and economic welfare of the workers during its first 100 days, included finalisation of Punjab Labour Policy 2018.
According to the Labour Policy 2018, the employees of commercial institutions would be able to fight for their rights, while efforts to establish Workers Welfare Fund were being made on provincial level.
The Punjab Labour Policy 2018 has been formulated to focus on labour rights guaranteed by the Constitution of Pakistan, labour laws and International Labour Organisation (ILO) Conventions.
Labour inspections and reporting system has been revamped in the new Labour Policy to ensure safety and health of workers at their work place.
The new labour policy aims to offer solutions to these complaints, and has proposed to strengthen employer-employee relations to avoid labour disputes, and a labour bank to protect the jobs and interests of domestic workers.
'Labour policy cynical' - Cruddas LABOUR'S policy chief has hit out at the leadership for parking bold reforms in favour of "cynical nuggets of policy" designed to appeal to the press and focus groups.
FNC panel is discussing the local market regulations as part of its debate on the Ministry of Labour policy.
He added: "I believe that perceptions of Labour policy are in danger of being taken backwards." But another of Blair's key allies in New Labour, former No 10 spin chief Alastair Campbell, backed Miliband and compared the price freeze with the New Deal policies offered by Blair to voters in 1997.
My impression of Labour policy was that Keynesian spending to stimulate economic activity was the order of the day.