labour law

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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
The review press release of Government of India, Ministry of Labour & Employment, in the month of December 2018 called the reform of labour laws as an 'act of rationalisation'.
"Multiple labour laws to be streamlined to into a set of four labour codes to standardize registration and filing of returns," she said, presenting the union budget 2019-20.
Shakeel assured the participants of enforcing labour laws. Pattan's National Coordinator urged the Standing Committee to hold its meetings in industrial districts to observe state of the labour laws compliance.
Chief Minister Balochistan Jam Kamal Khan said legislation was required in labour laws.
The gender audit of more than 130 labour laws was conducted by Women's Action for Better Workplaces (WAction) - a project of the Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability (TDEA), which identified major inconsistencies within the laws that were related to the maternity benefits, definitional contradictions, administrative weaknesses and social security.
The gender audit of more than 130 labour laws was conducted by Women's Action for Better Workplaces (WAction)-a project of the Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability (TDEA), which identified major inconsistencies within the laws that were related to the maternity benefits, definitional contradictions, administrative weaknesses and social security.
Discussing the findings of the audit, a representative of the forum Rukhsana Shama said Pakistan's constitutional provisions and international commitments were consulted to devise a criteria through which the existing labour laws could be analysed.
The Vice President said that the operations of inspection, monitoring and enforcement of labour laws by the Federal Ministry Of Labour should be effectively scrutinised.
Hoti had filed the petition in public interest, challenging the government's move to end the applicability of different labour laws including the one which exempted private educational institutions in the province from paying minimum wage to teachers.
The administration cannot protect the rights of any domestic worker or children working in the houses due to the lack of relevant laws.It is important to mention here that current labour laws are numerous which creates confusion among the ICT administration officials.
They urged the governments of the four provinces to ensure the implementation of labour laws in letter and spirit.