labour law

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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is important to mention here that current labour laws are numerous which creates confusion among the ICT administration officials.
I am sure that if any government organisation is following all labour laws and checks records checked by third parties, it will find such organisations are incurring great losses.
This is because the labour laws are only worker biased and do not have any benefits for the industries.
Reforms in labour laws are an ongoing process to update legislative system to address the need of the hour and to make them more effective and contemporary to the emerging economic and industrial scenario.
Commenting on the campaign, the Minister of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs HE Dr Issa bin Saad al Jafali al Nuaimi, said:"The significant changes to Qatar's labour laws in December will require employers, embassies, Qatar Chamber and other official entities to understand how to comply with the new legal framework around the labour laws.
In raids conducted between July 31 and August 6, across different parts of Oman, 403 labour law violators were arrested.
The New Labour Law applies to all employees in Iraq (i.
To a question he said that under the Rules of Business, 1973 it has the mandate to seek employment opportunities for Pakistanis abroad, work for the welfare of labour and their families, within Pakistan as well as abroad and coordinate with provincial governments to align national labour laws with the Pakistan's international obligations on labour standards.
They said that the event was also a media launch of EFP's Position Paper based on a Research Study on Development of Industrial Relations and Labour Laws: an Impact Overview which comprehensively covered the constitutional rights of business and work, country commitment to international labour standards through ratified ILO Conventions, the six national labour policies and the resulting labour legislation classified in nine phases from the point of independence to the devolution of the subject of Labour to the provinces after the 18th Constitutional amendment and the findings of an EFP survey on the impact of industrial relations and labour laws on organizational management and effectiveness.
The revised UAE labour laws will also include major changes to annual leave and end of service benefits due to an employee.
Labour Law and Labour Market Regulation: Essays on the Construction, Constitution and Regulation of Labour Markets and Work Relationships edited by Christopher Arup, Peter Gahan, John Howe, Richard Johnstone, Richard Mitchell and Anthony O'Donnell (Sydney: The Federation Press, 2006) pages i-xvi, 1-752.
The minister admitted that the implementation on labour laws had been ignored and added "I take up the challenge of implementation of labour laws an total eradication of bonded labour system".