labour law

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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier this year, Abu Dhabi's labour court introduced Hindi as the third official language to cater to the needs of Indian workers.
"Ultimately, our members will decide on the outcome of any recommendations that emerge from negotiations at the Labour Court, by way of a secret ballot."
The court handles appeals arising from rulings made in the High Court, Labour Court and tribunals.
A respondent employer must pay the Labour Court's court fees regardless of the outcome of any claim, as claimant employees are exempt by law from paying such fees.
situations, the Labour Court has developed basic legal rules for the
Officials said the one-day labour court introduced in October last year also handled 65 cases that involved disputes and claims amounting to less than Dh20,000 and required no major investigation.
The company's counsel argued that the labour court passed the order without giving the petitioner-company an opportunity of hearing.
After hearing both sides, Justice Sethi dismissed the company's petition and upheld the decision of the labour court, with directions to the company to pay compensation to the worker.
Hassan Ahmad Al Hamed, director of Abu Dhabi Labour Court, told 7DAYS: "The team have been speaking with the workers and their employer and the dispute was finally resolved by reconciliation, after the company agreed to pay all the workers' salaries".
This paper examines the formation and operation of the Ontario Labour Court within the context of wartime labour relations and evaluates the court's legacy to labour relations in the province using a variety of archival sources.
"It is small things that build a character and whatever I had done for labour courts during my SHC tenure, it was in best interests of Nation", he said, deliberating that industrialists and tycoons used to employ suppressive measures against labour, in which lawyers equally abetted them.
Services of Syed Shujjat Ali Trimizi, D&SJ/Judge Banking Court, Sargodha, have been placed at the disposal of Punjab Government, for his posting as Presiding Officer, Punjab Labour Court No.