labour law

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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
As per the above-mentioned article, the employee has no right to file a direct labour case in the labour court.
Labour rights advocates, while divided on the need for a labour court, said that the Yun Fa case exemplifies why more regulations are needed to protect workers.
Officials said the one-day labour court introduced in October last year also handled 65 cases that involved disputes and claims amounting to less than Dh20,000 and required no major investigation.
The company's counsel argued that the labour court passed the order without giving the petitioner-company an opportunity of hearing.
The company's lawyer said the decision passed by the labour court was unlawful as the company was not heard.
It looks forward to engaging with our trade unions on the essential efficiency and productivity issues outlined in the recommendation, and within the timescales detailed by the Labour Court.
3) Created during turbulent times, the Ontario Labour Court was a product of the political, social, and economic climate on the home front during World War II.
Should a party engage legal representatives, a power of attorney is required and will need to be filed with the Labour Court as soon as possible (and in any event before any submissions by the legal representatives can be filed with the Labour Court).
It is small things that build a character and whatever I had done for labour courts during my SHC tenure, it was in best interests of Nation", he said, deliberating that industrialists and tycoons used to employ suppressive measures against labour, in which lawyers equally abetted them.
Business Standard said that a Pune Industrial court told the union to approach the labour court on its appeal against the company deducting wages.
A ROW over pensions between Permanent TSB and its staff is to be settled in the Labour Court.
Summary: Muscat: The Labour Court reviewed 67 cases filed by employees who had been arbitrarily dismissed .