automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
When addressing laboratory automation, it can be tempting to think entirely in terms of the transformation of the pure sample testing process.
Much like adding sections of track to a model train layout, the latest laboratory automation track has the flexibility to curve around obstacles.
The end product is a report of the findings that includes flow charts, staff interviews and a laboratory automation requirements document.
Masahide founded the Cherry Blossom Symposium, a conference that brought together the leading international figures and companies in the laboratory automation field to explore technologic developments as well as to sample some of the best Asian food and culture.
One speaker even referred to this era in laboratory automation as being "the age of informatics," citing the challenges of data accessibility, data quality and decision support tools.
The laboratory automation market is mainly ruled by systems that reduce time and lowers cost compared to manual procedures.
Purchase of equipment for the purpose of laboratory automation and industrial electronics (ap-134), laboratory of metrology, non-electrical quantities (ap-158 and p-162 and p-163 and p-164) within the project development and modernization of research infrastructure - research university bialystok no popw.
10 June 2013 - According to a new report by MarketsandMarkets, the laboratory automation market will experience a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.
Sysmex Corporation, headquartered in Kobe, Japan, has been developing and manufacturing laboratory diagnostic systems for hematology as well as for hemostasis, immunochemistry and urinalysis since 1968, and is a global market leader in integrated laboratory automation.
The purchase signals Jouan decision to diversify into the field of robotics and laboratory automation, which will become a focus of the company.
Since 1990, there has been a rapid increase in the installation of total laboratory automation systems and/or modular systems, particularly in the US, Japan, and Europe.
Successful laboratory automation increases the precision and accuracy of analytical results, helps valuable people use their time more effectively .

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