Considering in turn topical syntheses and case studies, they discuss such aspects as Mexico City, Merida, and the world: Kondratieff waves
on the periphery; agrarian ecology and historical contingency in landscape change; material culture, status, and identity in post-independence Central Mexico: urban and rural dimensions; cross-cultural interactions and Lacandon ethnogenesis in the Southern Maya Lowland frontier AD 1400 to the present; and the underlying aim of historical archaeology.
The central bank's dilemma, the inflation-deflation paradox and a new interpretation of the Kondratieff waves
Perhaps the so-called Kondratieff waves (Kondratieff, 1926) are not only, as assumed, related to the invention of key technologies, but also to the cycles of the financial system.
Phases of Economic Growth, 1850-1973: Kondratieff Waves and Kuznets Swings.
Schumpeter's magnum opus on Business Cycles (1939) was concerned with the two- to three-year Kitchin inventory cycle, the ten-year Juglar trade cycle, and the fifty- to sixty-year Kondratieff wave. Postwar scholars devoted much attention to the newly discovered Kuznets swing of approximately twenty years' duration and showed little faith or interest in the Kondratieff wave; but the end of the long postwar boom seems to have generated something of a Kondratieff revival, at least on the fringes of the discipline.
In economic theory there is a generally accepted idea of the existence of four periodic processes: Kitchin and Juglar cycles, Kuznets rhythms and Kondratieff waves. It is generally accepted that they have different economic nature (Abramovitz, 1961; Akerman, 1932; Ayres, 2006; Bernstein, 1940; Dator, 2006; Dickson, 1983; Diebolt & Doliger, 2006, 2008; Forrester, 1977; Freeman, 1987; Glazyev, 1993; Grinin, Korotayev, & Malkov, 2010; Hirooka, 2006; Juglar, 1862; Kitchin, 1923; Kondratieff, 1922; 1925; 1926; 1928; 1935; 1984; 2002; Kuznets, 1930; Maevskiy, 1997; Mensch, 1979; Modelski & Thompson, 1996; Modelski, 2001; 2006; Papenhausen, 2008; Rumyantseva, 2003; Shiode et al., 2004; Silberling, 1943; Solomou, 1989; Tylecote, 1992; Van Duijn, 1983; Yakovets, 2001).
Chaldaeva & Kilyachkov (2012) showed that this approximation explains the emergence of Kitchin and Juglar economic cycles (Kitchin, 1923; Juglar, 1862), Kuznets rhythms (Kuznets, 1930) and Kondratieff waves (Kondratieff, 1922; 1925; 1926; 1935) as a bifurcation of some basic cycle (T [approximately equal to] 3 years).