At specified times, such as the occasion of bersi desa (cleansing of the village), the community's boundaries are maintained by a kirab, a circumambulation of the village (or kampung) during which the Islamic call to prayer may be called out but which may also involve the parading of sacred items like ritual daggers or agricultural produce or other items that reflect the social unit.
A kirab is, in fact, a boundary-creating mechanism, often used in the past by South and Southeast Asian rulers upon ascending the throne to solidify their realm (Paranavitana 1970).
If the kirab maintains boundaries, labuhan offerings maintain good relations with the spirit world on the state level, at least that of the traditional Central Javanese sultanates.
251/865) concurs in Kirab al-Amtv(71: "Al-Hushaym b.
Abu 1-asim al-Tabari said in Kirab al-Sunna: cUmar wrote to the garrison cities (anksar) that they dock their forelocks and not wear the Muslims' dress, in order that they be known.