Natural Law

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Related to Jus naturale: jus gentium

Natural Law

In philosophy, the idea that that right and wrong are fixed, immutable things that human reason can discern. Some natural law theorists base natural law on their ideas about God, but one does not need to believe in God in order to believe in natural law. It forms the philosophical basis for what are now called human rights and for that reason is an important contributor to modern liberalism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hobbes is clear that restrictions on jus naturale are imposed only by the law of nature:
Pero los nuevos jusnaturalistas--los propugnadores del jus naturale laico frente a la lex naturalis metafisica-- vinieron a ser discipulos de Hobbes (aunque alejados de el en sus tratados politicos) y, desechado el mundo de ideas, naturalezas o esencias existentes en la mente divina, afirmaron un jus naturale inicial que consistia ante todo en libertad individual; dada la debilidad del hombre aislado, era preciso pactar para crear la sociedad y sus leyes y, por tanto, su Derecho, pues esta tendencia nego tambien la ciencia juridica, a la que denego validez o utilidad, e identifico el Derecho con las leyes.
Whether the term |law of nature' is more frequently used nowadays, or whether the jus naturale is an old intention," my German correspondent begins, "I think this term is wrong and misleading.