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Gainful employment. Strictly speaking, a job refers to employment by another person or company, but the word is often used to describe self-employment as well. Because individuals are compensated for their work at their jobs, these are considered necessary for a society to function. According to Keynesian economics, the money one earns from a job can create more jobs because the money creates demand for goods and services that must be provided. Supply-side economics, on the other hand, maintains that lower taxes are best for job creation.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


  1. a work task or series of work tasks to be performed. For factory operatives the work tasks are often clearly defined as a specific set of machining or assembly operations. By contrast, at senior management level, work tasks are less clearly defined and managers have more discretion as to the range of tasks to be performed and how they are performed.
  2. a unit of good or service for which costs can be ascertained. The job or cost unit could consist of a single order. Alternatively, the job or cost unit could be a batch or group of identical products passing together through production.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson


a work task or series of work tasks to be performed in order to produce a good or service. Jobs differ in terms of skills, physical fitness, personality, etc., requirements, and in terms of the decision-making autonomy and responsibilities involved. Some jobs involve a wide-ranging set of work tasks while others may be broken down into a number of narrowly defined activities through a ‘division of labour’. Such SPECIALIZATION is often conducive to achieving high levels of labour PRODUCTIVITY in industries such as motor-car assembly that utilize mass production techniques. In other cases, productivity may be enhanced by grouping together larger numbers of work tasks to form individual jobs. Job design has an important effect on job satisfaction and thus levels of absenteeism, labour turnover, industrial disputes, etc., which affect productivity In some instances the process of specialization has been partially reversed by programmes of job enlargement (adding additional tasks to provide greater variety), 288

job rotation (where workers rotate jobs to reduce monotony) and job enrichment (where workers are given greater scope in deciding how tasks should be performed).

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in classic literature ?
I'm for a few plain words with Job Rowsell, though he's my own sister's husband."
"Plain words is more than you'll get from Job," Lethbridge replied gloomily.
'Because they live one hundred miles from here, sir,' responded Job Trotter.
'There is no fear of my forgetting it, sir,' replied Job Trotter.
Jingle and Job had gone out together, that their luggage was packed up, and that they had ordered a chaise.
He knew that his purpose was in the main a good one, and he placed implicit reliance on the high-minded Job. it was dull, certainly; not to say dreary; but a contemplative man can always employ himself in meditation.
What was his astonishment when he just peeped out, by way of caution, to see that the person who had opened it was--not Job Trotter, but a servant-girl with a candle in her hand!
When a few weeks later it was reported in the papers that Wilcox had been shot at from an ambuscade, it was an open secret that McMurdo was still at work upon his unfinished job.
On New Year's Day 2004, there were about 130 million payroll jobs. Using Bureau of Labor statistics, he says, if you track those till New Year's Eve 2005, about 30 million of those jobs will have been destroyed, while yet another 30 million jobs will be created.
But throughout my young adult life, I never thought--really thought--the day would come when I would have to find a "real" job. Lucky for me, it still hasn't, but with my graduation date quickly approaching, I decided there was no better time than the 2003 summer vacation to obtain real world experience.
And finally, online advertising reduces travel expenses used to attend job fairs and helps camps avoid the last minute staffing crunch with year-round recruiting.
LONDON (23rd January, 2019) -- After the New Year is prime time to search for new jobs and maybe even change careers.