Jizya


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Jizya

A tax historically imposed on non-Muslims living in under Islamic law. The jizya was levied on a per capita basis and formed a major source of state revenue in some Muslim societies. In exchange for paying the jizya, non-Muslims were not required to pay zakat.
References in periodicals archive ?
Did Aurangzeb spend his last 50 years, as his detractors maintain, destroying Hindu temples and imposing the jizya tax on non-Muslims?
"To those in the Indian state who wish to understand our actions," says an unidentified jihadist, "I say you have only three options: to accept Islam, to pay jizya, or to prepare to be slaughtered."
The Islamic State restored the ancient Islamic tax, "Jizya," which means a "poll tax" for non-Muslims.
The issue of dividing the booty (alkhums) into fifths, the share of Allah and the Messenger, the share of a foot soldier and a cavalry member kharaj, jizya and 'ushr are all explained in detail utilizing sources like Ibn Hisham, Ibn al-Salam, al-Baladhuri and Abu Yusuf, as well as the Qur'an.
(31.) Certain non-Muslims, those of the Book (Christians and Jews), could remain only if they accepted Islam's rule and paid the jizya, a per capita tax levied on dhimmi communities.
It also wants non-Muslims to be forced to pay jizya (an yearly tax to be paid by those non-Muslim citizens of an Islamic state who were subdued as a result of war), and to take revenge from non-believer who killed any Muslim (part of 10 point jihadi ideology manifested in Hum Jihad Kyun Ker rahyhain?
While Muslims were subject to Islamic law as dictated by the qadi and religious scholars, Christians and Jews were free to be governed by their own laws so long as they paid the poll tax (jizya) and any land taxes (kharaj) they owed.
The final sequence focuses on Al Baghdadi's images associated with the promise of purifying the earth and with the elicitation of the main principles of the sharia, the return of the head (beheading), the zakah, the jizya (tax required from non-Muslim people), and, most important, the return to the gold dinar "as the Khilafah surges in the financial sphere."
(6.) Anver Emon explains, for example, "When Muslims conquered Persia and encountered Zoroastrians, commanders allowed the local religious population there to reside peacefully in the empire and maintain their faith, as long as they paid the jizya [poll tax].
The Turks had ruled Athens since 1458; they transformed the Parthenon into a mosque, forbade non-Muslims to ride horses, and imposed burdensome taxes on the Greeks, including the jizya (i.e., the tribute that non-Muslims are traditionally forced to pay to Muslim rulers) and the even more hated paidomazoma ("tribute of children") whereby Greek villages were forced to hand over one out of every five children to be raised as a Muslim and employed in the Turkish military.
(12.) Dhimmi were members of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) who lived among Muslims within the Islamic Empire under Islamic rule; they had a special status and special rights, such as freedom of worship, and special obligations, such as paying the jizya tax.
AHMED, Ziauddin y Ziauddin Ahmad "The Concept of Jizya in Early Islam", en Islamic Studies, 14: 4 (invierno 1975), pp.