The emergence of Jewish ghettos
in Venice was based on the concern of protecting their goods and lives against attacks by bigots.
In early 1941 the Nazis decided that Terezin, surrounded by walls and a moat and with a prison and barracks, was ideal for a Jewish ghetto
. The first transport of Jews from Prague arrived in late November of 1941, and by June of 1942 the Czech inhabitants had been forced out and the entire town used to imprison Jews.
Donatella Calabi summarizes the range of variation in the relationship between Jews and cities in the Mediterranean area to ask questions about the selection of the site, the ownership of buildings, and the organization of space in Jewish ghettos
. Overall, ghettos were centrally loca ted (with the exception of Venice and Palermo), received a larger number of public services than other areas within the city, developed a central square, and had bad-quality buildings (especially with regard to structural repairs and neglected exteriors).
Wirth had undertaken a comparative study of Jewish ghettos
in Frankfurt and on Chicago's West Side Maxwell Street district for his dissertation, which he completed in the sociology department at the University of Chicago in 1926.
Europe had the Jewish ghettos
during the Middle Ages and the "zoning restrictions" for Jews in the Czarist Russia.
About how many Jewish ghettos
did the Nazis establish?
He also explains why the Jewish nation was subjected to such unprecedented violence, drawing on unresearched archival materials and testimony of eyewitnesses and prisoners in the Jewish ghettos
of southern Ukraine.