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Individual Development Account

A savings account for persons with lower income. The funds put into an IDA are matched by a public or private organization. One may use the funds in an IDA for educational purposes, starting a business, or buying a first house. IDAs are accompanied by programs for credit improvement and other classes to help account holders move up from poverty and into the middle classes.

International Development Association

A division of the World Bank that provides long-term, interest-free loans to the world's 80 poorest countries. The IDA is responsible for poverty reduction and other aspects of international development in the Third World. Nearly half of the countries it assists are in Africa. The IDA was established in 1960; its loans assist in public health, business development, education, and infrastructure development.
References in periodicals archive ?
The prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia caused by eating disorders, infectious diseases, impairments in iron intake or absorption, or factors associated with the gastrointestinal system can vary even in developed countries between 11-30% across patient groups with different socio-demographic characteristics.
Iron-deficiency anemia is the final stage of the process.
Low serum ferritin + normal hemoglobin--suggests borderline iron-deficiency anemia.
Parameters of iron status used in iron assessment Iron status stored iron Transport iron (ferritin) (transferrin) Iron-deficiency anemia Low Low Iron depletion Low Normal Normal iron status Normal Normal Iron overload High High Iron status Functional iron (haemoglobin) Iron-deficiency anemia Low Iron depletion Normal Normal iron status Normal Iron overload Normal Table 2.
Prenatal iron supplements help prevent iron-deficiency anemia in mothers, but had no affect on the child's intelligence.
While there are several types of anemia, a greater number of African-American women suffer from iron-deficiency anemia.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force, (9) American Academy of Family Physicians, and American Academy of Pediatrics (11) recommend screening infants for iron-deficiency anemia but do not address appropriate follow-up for positive screens.
Used as a catchall for a number of conditions, including iron-deficiency anemia and sports anemia, it occurs when the body's red blood cell count is abnormally low.
Drinking cow milk has been linked to iron-deficiency anemia in infants and children; it has been named as the cause of cramps and diarrhea in much of the world's population and the cause of multiple forms of allergies as well.
High tissue levels of copper and manganese (hair mineral analysis) can block iron absorption, and chronic lead overexposure can cause iron-deficiency anemia.
Subsequent studies showed that serum concentrations of transferrin receptor increase in iron-deficiency anemia, making it a useful marker in the diagnosis of microcytic anemias [9].