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IPO

Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Initial Public Offering

The first price for which a company offers to sell stock in itself when it moves from private ownership to public trade. More generally, it refers to the actual first sale of stock to the public. Small companies looking for a new source of financing offer most IPOs, but large companies who wish to be publicly traded can offer them as well. An IPO is generally a risky investment, because one does not know how much demand will exist for the stock after its initial offering; the risk comes from the uncertainty about the stock's resale value. See also: Publicly-traded company.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

IPO

Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Initial public offering (IPO).

When a company reaches a certain stage in its growth, it may decide to issue stock, or go public, with an initial public offering (IPO). The goal may be to raise capital, to provide liquidity for the existing shareholders, or a number of other reasons.

Any company planning an IPO must register its offering with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

In most cases, the company works with an investment bank, which underwrites the offering. That means marketing the shares being offered to the public at a set price with the expectation of making a profit.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

IPO

see INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Across the Mena region, IPO activity is expected to progress cautiously, with an optimistic outlook owing to events and themes such as the MSCI and FTSE inclusions, privatization drives, and government initiatives," added Hughes.
Once the account has been approved, the investor can participate in the LSI program whenever there is an IPO.
This facility was introduced with the objective of facilitating new investors and encouraging maximum participation of retail investors in the IPO. Around 900 new investors participated in the Inter-loop IPO through this facility, which is a testament of the success of pilot phase.
To help increase transparency, the government plans to retain minority interests in the businesses and undertake IPOs and other transactions for a certain percentage of each asset.
"Although the IPO market in the region has picked up in 2017 and 2018, corporate issuers continue to look for reduced volatility in oil prices, and a stable near term outlook for secondary markets within the region, to take to the primary market," said Faisal Hasan, head of investment research at Kamco.
The highest correlation of 0.427 is reported between trading volume on the first day and demand of IPOs.
Furthermore, Oman's Muscat Securities Market (MSM) had a single IPO listing for Dhofar Generating Company in the power and utilities sector raising $52.0m.
Gregory Hughes, MENA IPO leader at EY said: 'Although oil prices have increased, MENA countries are still feeling the impact of the significant drop in oil prices in recent years.
"The IPO activity is poised for further growth in 2018, especially with government and quasi-government owned assets preparing to go public in Kuwait, Egypt, KSA and the UAE.
Tadawul was the largest in terms of IPO volume, witnessing IPOs of three Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) (38 per cent of total IPO volume in Q4), raising $209 million.
Thanks to continued investor interest across a wide spectrum of sectors, a high proportion of IPOs upsized and priced above or at the high end of their ranges, PwC reported.