Behavioral finance

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Behavioral finance

An important subfield of finance. Behavioral finances uses insights from the field of pyschology and applies them to the actions of individuals in trading and other financial applications.

Behavioral Finance

A theory of finance that attempts to explain the decisions of investors by viewing them as rational actors looking out for their self-interest, given the sometimes inefficient nature of the market. Tracing its origins to Adam Smith's The Theory of Moral Sentiments, one of its primary observations holds that investors (and people in general) make decisions on imprecise impressions and beliefs rather than rational analysis. A second observation states that the way a question or problem is framed to an investor will influence the decision he/she ultimately makes. These two observations largely explain market inefficiencies; that is, behavior finance holds that markets are sometimes inefficient because people are not mathematical equations. Behavioral finance stands in stark contrast to the efficient markets theory. See also: Naive diversification, Formula plan, Subjective probabilities.

Behavioral finance.

Behavioral finance combines psychology and economics to explain why and how investors act and to analyze how that behavior affects the market.

Behavioral finance theorists point to the market phenomenon of hot stocks and bubbles, from the Dutch tulip bulb mania that caused a market crash in the 17th century to the more recent examples of junk bonds in the 1980s and Internet stocks in the 1990s, to validate their position that market prices can be affected by the irrational behavior of investors.

Behavioral finance is in conflict with the perspective of efficient market theory, which maintains that market prices are based on rational foundations, like the fundamental financial health and performance of a company.

References in periodicals archive ?
To well carry out propaganda activities to stabilize investment psychology, raise public awareness and understanding of investment in securities market.
A phrase I have heard to describe investment psychology at the moment is "confused apathy.
Investment psychology also differs somewhat by gender, with male investors showing greater tolerance for risk than female investors.
Presently, the global investment psychology is risk-averse, which affects the ability for exploration companies to access capital to advance projects," Williams said.
Forecasting Financial Markets: The Psychology of Successful Investing offers college-level readers a fine, well-detailed introduction to investment psychology.
To boost her knowledge, she spent $2,000 on a seven-day class designed to teach her as much as possible about trading--everything from investment psychology to the technical strategies used by securities pros.
The problem facing the specialists, whose duty is to find a price that matches buyers and sellers (and buy or sell shares themselves if necessary to get the market open), was that investment psychology was shifting dramatically as they tried to open stocks.
It is interesting to see the European investment psychology switching again as they are once more looking at the United States in general, and at New York in particular, as a safe place for business and trade, where - despite some cyclical adjustments - one should have a presence if one wants to be international.

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