The United States tried to prevent the vessel from being released after a US court ruled that the vessel, all oil on board and USD 9,95,000 in cash were subject to confiscation due to violations of a number of US laws on bank fraud and money laundering, as well as the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
and a law on confiscation for terrorism-related activities.
But he would have the authority to prevent future transfers of funds to Beijing under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
Mnuchin said that authority comes from the somewhat obscure International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(IEEPA), a federal law passed in 1977.
Mnuchin said Trump could order companies out of China under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
if he declared a national emergency.
Trump fired off on Twitter, declaring American companies "are hereby ordered to immediately start looking for an alternative to China." He later clarified that he was threatening to make use of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
in the trade war, raising questions about the wisdom and propriety of making the 1977 act used to target rogue regimes, terrorists and drug traffickers the newest weapon in the clash between the world's largest economies.
The ERC made its determination to add Huawei Technologies to the Entity List based on the Chinese company's alleged violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(IEEPA), as well as a District Court for the Eastern District of New York indictment that alleged the manufacturer violated U.S.
The US claims it can seize the ship and the 2.1 million barrels of oil it is carrying over alleged violations of terrorism statutes and the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
Senators Tom Carper (D-Del.) and Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) introduced bipartisan legislation, the Trade Certainty Act, that would ensure that presidents regardless of which party holds the White House cannot use the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(IEEPA) to impose tariffs unilaterally.
Trump said in a White House statement that the first round of tariffs would begin on June 10 at 5% "on all goods imported from Mexico." The statement said Trump would carry out his threat under authority from the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
and that he would lift tariffs only "if the illegal migration crisis is alleviated through effective actions taken by Mexico."
The White House said on Thursday that the president would use the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
to implement the new tariffs on Mexico.The announcement came the same day that the White House told Congress it planned to pursue a new trade deal with Mexico and Canada.
The order was issued under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
of 1977, the law used by every president since Jimmy Carter to impose sanctions on countries such as Russia and Iran.
Trump declared the emergency in the form of an executive order invoking the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
, which gives the president the authority to regulate commerce in response to a national emergency that threatens the United States.