PEST

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PEST

a framework used by business strategists to identify those factors operating in the ‘outer’ (macro) environment of a firm which impinge upon its activities and profitability in addition to factors affecting its immediate product MARKETS. PEST has four elements: political (e.g. the UK government's policy on joining the EURO-zone); economic (e.g. recession/boom conditions. See BUSINESS CYCLE); social (e.g. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES) and technological (e.g. the impact of the INTERNET). See BUSINESS STRATEGY.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of some integrated pest management (IPM) packages against brinjal shoot and fruit borer and its consequences on yield.
Glenda, together with the integrated pest management protocol, reduced the level of pest infestation in almost 1.2 million trees.
Another part of integrated pest management is using physical deterrents to keep pests out of the hive in the first place.
Practices and perceptions of school integrated pest management by North
The integrated pest management (IPM) concept is interpreted in various ways, but it usually means the application of different pest management tactics simultaneously or sequentially, and quite often emphasizes population sampling, and decision-making based on economic projections.
The first edition united the knowledge of the biology and management of pests, as it applied the principles of integrated pest management (IPM), which treats all control techniques and combines several approaches?biological control, habitat, pest-resistant rootstocks, and certified virus-tested plant material.
Gathering that information is exactly what the Western Integrated Pest Management Center in Davis, Calif., does, although almost no one knows it.
The program is based on advanced Integrated Pest Management, which relies primarily on the least toxic and natural growing methods, along with extensive monitoring of trees, pests and environmental conditions.
Also known as the State Integrated Pest Management Bill, it passed handily in both legislative chambers with solid bipartisan support.
Yahya said that an integrated pest management system provides an effective and economically-efficient approach to pest control that restricts pest densities.
By considering this, another one alternative that can ensure both productivity and envrionmental safetyness is integrated pest management (IPM) (Bonabana-Wabbi et al, 2006; Hristovska, 2009).

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