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Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Industrial Revenue Bond

A tax-exempt municipal bond in which a local government entity is seeking to raise money for a private company. It may be used, for example, to build a factory or some other facility on behalf of a private company. A municipality issues an industrial revenue bond when it wishes to attract a business and the jobs in brings to the area, especially when the business may be otherwise unable to obtain financing for the project. The municipality issuing the bond must be able to prove that a public benefit will be derived from the industrial revenue bond in order to qualify for tax-exempt status.
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Institutional review board mission creep: The common rule, social science, and the nanny state.
It is the policy of the University that all research and research-related activities, in which humans are used as subjects, shall be subject to review under current Public Health Service regulations by an Institutional Review Board (IRB).
Stuart Loory, a journalism professor who served as Carney's faculty adviser, told the SPLC quarterly that: "When you send something to the institutional review board, what you are doing is giving someone the capability to license freedom of speech and freedom of the press, and we think that's wrong."
My interest in medical ethics began in the early 1970s when I became a member of the Institutional Review Board at Women and Infants Hospital in Providence, Rhode Island.
Just as science dictates that all findings be reviewed by the doubting eyes of peers, fifty years of medical tradition dictate that all proposed research undergo ethical screening by an institutional review board.
Each patient who participates in an IDE study must give informed consent, and an Institutional Review Board (IRB) must oversee the study.
Also, in the past week, the company has secured Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for the study from Western Institutional Review Board (WIRB), a central IRB that provides regulatory oversight for clinical trials across the US.
The NIH grant funds ongoing and planned clinical activities and will be used to: Conduct and support clinical testing of five subjects implanted with the Orion Cortical Visual Prosthesis; Submit and obtain Investigational Device Exemption approval from the FDA, and Institutional Review Board approval for a larger and final clinical study as approved by FDA; Evaluate Orion reliability; Create and test spatial maps with multiple spatial mapping methods in up to five patients; Establish and validate a fitting process for Orion; and Demonstrate improvements in the Functional Low-Vision Observer Rated Assessment.
The study has been reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the International Cellular Medicine Society (ICMS).
Advanced Cell Technologies, Marlborough, MA, announced the Jules Stein Eye Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) has received institutional review board review board (IRB) approval to be a site for its Phase I/II human clinical trials for Stargardt's Macular Dystrophy (SMD) and Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration (Dry AMD) using retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs).
Factors that determine the roles and regulatory requirements of review boards are examined, and procedures for setting up an institutional review board and reporting adverse events are outlined.

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