Specifically, we fit the cumulative instantaneous speed
distribution to get the cumulative probability distribution function of corresponding status, which will be introduced in the last subsection of this section.
During the optimization, the constraints on the average speed, the minimum instantaneous speed
, the maximum instantaneous speed
, and the maximum allowed intervehicle distance were set to the same value as in the homogeneous platoon described above.
The emission rates for C[O.sub.2], CO, HC, and N[O.sub.x] of the test-bed vehicles from the NISE2 fleet, which travels on the composite urban driving cycle(CUEDC), were recorded second-by-second in addition to the instantaneous speed
. Prior to analysis, the integrity of the emission measurements from NISE2 was reconfirmed and corrected to enhance the reliability of the instantaneous emissions using the method followed by Smit et al.
Then, I make smaller time intervals [she was moving her hands like narrower neighbourhoods] in order to obtain the instantaneous speed
. By taking smaller time intervals, the values that I take decrease or increase.
The data used in calculating the energy consumption rates under different VSP-Bins are collected from chassis dynamometer test of a light-duty EV based on the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) as shown in Figure 1, in which instantaneous speed
, acceleration, and battery output power are provided.
[2.] Joumard, R., et al., "Hot passenger car emissions modelling as a function of instantaneous speed
and acceleration," Science of the Total Environment, Vol.
The advantage of the in-plane vibrometer is that it can measure a continuous (DC) velocity and superimposed variable (AC) component, or instantaneous speed
variation of a moving surface.
Stuler listed some advantages of using WB UV technology: low or zero VOC, instantaneous speed
of cure, immediate development of film properties, and cost-effectiveness.
" was calculated by dividing the distance that a larva traveled between video frames by the time interval between those frames.
Counter 2 is configured through the Lab VIEW software in the timer mode to measure the pulse width of the encoder pulses, which is used to determine the instantaneous speed
of the bike.
At trackside, they can record the sound of a car and calculate on a computer its instantaneous speed
It thereby provides the precise speed control and instantaneous speed
changes required to produce "bump" or taper tubing.