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International Organization for Standardization

A non-governmental organization that sets standard codes for countries and currencies. ISO sets the ISO 3166 codes for countries and provinces, which are used in international banking transactions and shipping. Likewise, it sets the ISO 4217 codes for individual currencies. ISO has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and, because its standards are usually adopted into the law of member states, it is more powerful than most other NGOs.

Incentive stock option (ISO).

Corporate executives may be granted incentive stock options (ISOs), also called qualifying stock options. These options aren't taxed when they're granted or exercised, but only when the underlying shares are sold.

If, after exercising the options, participating executives keep the shares for the required period, any earnings from selling the shares are taxed at the owner's long-term capital gains rate.

However, stock option transactions may make sellers vulnerable to the alternative minimum tax (AMT).


References in periodicals archive ?
The European Space Agency's Infrared Space Observatory, launched earlier this month, and NASA's proposed Space Infrared Telescope Facility will provide some help for planet-hunting surveys by mapping the distribution of dust around other stars.
The Infrared Space Observatory, scheduled for an October launch, should help make such comparisons.
These advantages are underscored by the 10-micron image of Beta Pictoris (above) taken by a device whose twin will soon fly aboard the European Space Agency's Infrared Space Observatory.
ESA's Infrared Space Observatory, scheduled for launch later this year, has an anticipated lifetime of only 18 months.
Although NASA craft dominate the lineup, the European Space Agency (ESA) has several key launches, including one of its most costly space probes to date, the Infrared Space Observatory.
McMahon also plans to use the European Space Agency's Infrared Space Observatory, scheduled for launch in a year, to search for molecular gas emissions in the far infrared -- wavelengths not easily visible from the ground because Earth's atmosphere absorbs them.

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