statistical inference

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Statistical inference

A statistical method of drawing conclusions on unknown properties of a population based on a random sampling of data from that population.

statistical inference

a process by which we infer conclusions about a statistical POPULATION from which only a SAMPLE has been drawn. For example, if one million Britons buy bicycles each year, and 200 are asked why they do so, 50% may say because it helps to keep them fit. From this sample one may infer that 50% of the total population of one million Britons buying bicycles do so for this reason. However, it is not possible to say with 100% accuracy that this is the case unless the views of all one million were obtained. Nevertheless, it is possible to say with reasonable confidence that the estimation of 50% is correct for the whole population.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is an applied research as regards the objective, and a descriptive survey-analytical one as regards the methodology because, in addition to describing the status quo, it tests hypotheses according to relations based on expectation and seeks to determine the effectiveness of variables through inferential statistics and especially regression.
At inferential statistics level in order to study leadership style and group working for predicting job stress of industrial personnel, Pierson's correlation coefficient and step by step regression have been used.
This edition has expanded chapters on descriptive statistics and content analysis, a new chapter on inferential statistics, and a new chapter on rhetorical, narrative, conversation, and critical analyses, as well as new application exercises.
The CVR education course includes a total of 7 video modules, each lasting up to 30 minutes on statistics, with a rigorous exam meant to ensure knowledge of variance and normal distribution, descriptive and inferential statistics, and regression analysis.
He works through statistical parameters in terms of the measures of central tendency and variation, standard scores, the z distribution, hypothesis testing, inferential statistics, including baloney detection, correlation and regression, the t test for independent and dependent groups, analysis of variance for a variety of situations, functional analysis of variance, nonparametric statistics and other statistical parameters and tests.
The used inferential statistics are Pearson correlation coefficient, regression and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests.
Other changes include using version 19 of SPSS, a reorganization so that inferential statistics come before statistical association, and the chapter on statistical association has been expanded to three chapters.
Focusing on the practical, he covers such methods of research as interviews, surveys, sampling, questionnaires, observations and experiments, then turns to data analysis by describing qualitative and quantitative methods and inferential statistics.
Using hierarchical modeling and multivariate inferential statistics, the company provides clients with a Balanced Scorecard Analysis Table [c] that measures the links between "soft" features of the corporate culture - leadership, teamwork, motivation, etc.
The results of data analysis indicated that mud play has a significant effect on female preschoolers' creativity in terms of descriptive statistics (their mean scores) and also in terms of inferential statistics (the significance level).
The book moves from research methods to descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and further.
In this research analyzing of data is performed by means of SPSS 18 in two forms, Descriptive and inferential statistics.