Meanwhile, three people have taken out papers for the District 4 seat: Sarai Rivera (incumbent
), Jacqueline G.
However, the incumbents
have not yet officially prevailed.
maintain formal linkages with their spin-offs through equity or license agreements (Parhankangas & Arenius, 2003).
over the last four election cycles, from 2004 to 2010.
All previous Democratic incumbents
who stood for re-election except Jimmy Carter were re-elected.
Correspondingly, William Niskanen (1979) demonstrated that the Log-it version of the incumbent
's popular vote share (I) depicted by In (I/1 - I, where In = natural logarithm) in election years during the 1896-72 period, is determined by economic variables (four-year percentage changes in real per capita net national product, the employment rate, the consumer price index, the stock price index, and the corporate bond rate), fiscal policy tools (four-year percentage changes in the real per capita federal government expenditure or revenue), two political variables (ln [I(t - 4)/1 -I(t - 4)] and a dummy variable depicting whether or not there is an incumbent
candidate), along with another dummy variable capturing major wars.
In 2000, 67 incumbents
from 37 school boards ran for reelection in contested races in South Carolina.
* New Jersey: Incumbent
Democrat Bob Menendez fended off a challenge by Thomas Kean Jr., 53 percent to 45 percent.
There are four vacancies on the Appraisal Standards Board (ASB), with three incumbents
eligible for reappointment.
Only four House incumbents
were defeated by challengers in the 2002 general election, the smallest number in American history.
Some recently elected senators want to get the committee chairmanships of incumbent
senators, Senate President Vicente 'Tito' Sotto III said Wednesday.
But elsewhere, incumbents
fared well, including a sweep of three running for re-election in a six-way race in Vernon Hills-based Hawthorn Elementary District 73.