Individual duties (wajib ayni or lard ayni) are incumbant
upon all Muslims individually because of their religious and social significance, such as ritual prayer, fasting, (253) fulfillment of contracts, obedience to one's parents, (254) and the duty to understand certain religious rules.
Back in 1972, the year Nixon won his bid for a second term in the White House by a landslide, Robert Redford starred in "The Candidate," a prescient, biting political satire about a liberal lawyer with star appeal who's recruited to run against an incumbant
In alternative extensions of Yosha's (1995) model, a replacement could result from coordination among incumbant
and entrant (in order to avoid or propagate leakage of information).
Mr Salmond said:"Compared to last year, there is a Scottish Parliament and a new director generalwho is thought to be more open-minded on the issue than the previous incumbant
therefore the reality of a new Scottish political dimension is there."
* "Decision Rules of Major Individual Contributors to Congress: The Importance of Incumbant
Committee and Ideology' by Paul S.
Exploring the Effects of Incumbant
Integrity in U.S.
It is incumbant
upon us as finance professionals to recognize the problems in our industry and to individually and collectively take prudent action which, prospectively, will keep them from reoccurring.
Bush, once seen as an unbeatable incumbant
, had provided the weaponry for the Democrats to mount a challenge.