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Trade terms used worldwide to specify seller and buyer obligations in shipments against international sales contracts. These terms are adopted by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) for international movement of merchandise. Since they in themselves are not law, they must be specified if desired in quotations, sales contracts, purchase orders and commercial invoices.
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A series of standardized contracts for international commerce. Incoterms specify the rights and obligations of the buyer and the seller and what each must contribute to ensure that the good is delivered in good order. The most important aspects of incoterms are at what point risk transfers from the seller to the buyer and which is responsible to pay for transportation. Incoterms are agreed upon between the buyer and the seller. They are often expressed as an abbreviation. Common examples include EXW and FOB. See also: International Chamber of Commerce.
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