Microeconomic indicators of the burden on labour from taxes and contributions are the tax wedge, implicit tax
rates and effective marginal tax rates (Schultzova et al., 2009).
The Federal Reserve pays interest on those required reserves in order to offset the implicit tax
that such requirements may otherwise impose on depository institutions.
But goods imported from VAT countries do not have that implicit tax
cost, making U.S.
If he could have everything his way, currency issue would be reduced to small-denomination coins, and these coins might at times be subjected to an implicit tax
so as to support monetary policy regimes with negative interest rates on central bank reserves.
The ACA's premium subsidies impose an implicit tax
One effect was eliminating the implicit tax
on reserves, which Milton Friedman (1959) initially recommended over fifty years ago.
Thus, investors in tax-exempt bonds are effectively paying a tax, referred to as an "implicit tax
," and tax-exempt interest as reported is measured on an after tax, rather than a pretax, basis.
We demonstrate that there is (stable and statistically significant) positive linear dependence between the implicit tax
rate on capital (ITRC) and relative capital tax collection.
As argued by Brown and Finkelstein (2008), the private LTC insurance market is very small, primarily because of the existence of the Medicaid implicit tax
, a phenomenon that a large part of the premium for a private policy pays for benefits that simply replace benefits that would otherwise have been provided by Medicaid.
There is important indicator used by EUROSTAT--the implicit tax
rate on energy showing the importance of energy taxation in energy sector and economy of the country.
This implicit tax
increase is due to new tax credits that are withheld from full-time employees who are offered affordable health coverage by their employers.
medical schools and teaching hospitals, by the way that social insurance programs pay for care, and by the implicit tax
on low-quality care that results from licensure rules for physicians, nurses, and other health-care providers.