hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
A typical system would be a first appeal to the immediate superior's manager and, perhaps, depending on the size of the company, a second higher appeal through management before reaching the GAB.
'The soldier on Thursday afternoon started marching towards the LoC in a huff, still armed with his weapon, after an argument with his immediate superior. Apparently, he was cautioned by his colleagues as he marched towards the LoC but paid no heed to their calls not to stray into Pakistan', the report said.
In the case of Ersin Pulatli, who was remanded under close arrest for seven days by his immediate superior after going absent without leave from his garrison in April 2007, the court ruled that decision to deprive a serviceman of his liberty must be taken or reviewed by a competent and independent judicial body.
It is basic and fundamental law that if a nurse, or hospital official in authority, knows that a course of treatment, surgery or medication prescribed for a patient is contraindicated and may result in serious injury or death to a patient, then that person has a responsibility to immediately report that to their immediate superior to ensure that the patient involved is not subjected to the contraindicated treatment.
Singh's gallantry during the Kargil war was acknowledged by his then immediate superior, General Officer Commanding of 3 Infantry Division, Major General M.
Tuesday's assault comes several weeks before a planned visit by Zhang's immediate superior, Chen Yun-lin, considered Beijing's key point man in pushing for unity across the Taiwan Strait.
Eric Cordelle, Kerviel's immediate superior, was told by bosses he will be let go because of his "professional inadequacy", Le Parisien newspaper said without citing its sources.
When his stunt goes horribly wrong, Philippe is told by his immediate superior (Stephane Freiss) that be's to be sent up north for two years as punishment.
(Could you tell me the location of your immediate superior?) Gerrofmifut (I would be obliged if you would remove yourself from the terminal part of my leg).
She claims her immediate superior Lesley Crinson, a partner who hired Mrs Mainwaring as her assistant, reacted negatively to news of the unexpected pregnancy six months after she was taken on, and began a campaign of harassment The new mum, who is married to Jonny, 34, and is currently on maternity leave, is claiming sexual discrimination.
You may have to answer to your immediate superior, but does that mean you are truly confident in his or her abilities?
They maintained that Fr Clonan's immediate superior - Fr Michael McTernan - at the Coundon church had been alerted to his Clonan's activities when complaints had been made about him as early as 1974, but had not acted upon the information.

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