hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ultimately, it proved to be a short-lived experiment: the agency closed, and though the first editor liked the manuscript, their immediate superior didn't.
Singh's gallantry during the Kargil war was acknowledged by his then immediate superior, General Officer Commanding of 3 Infantry Division, Major General M.
Tuesday's assault comes several weeks before a planned visit by Zhang's immediate superior, Chen Yun-lin, considered Beijing's key point man in pushing for unity across the Taiwan Strait.
Cronauer's immediate superior is far from happy, while the man himself begins to befriend some of the locals.
Eric Cordelle, Kerviel's immediate superior, was told by bosses he will be let go because of his "professional inadequacy", Le Parisien newspaper said without citing its sources.
When his stunt goes horribly wrong, Philippe is told by his immediate superior (Stephane Freiss) that be's to be sent up north for two years as punishment.
She claims her immediate superior Lesley Crinson, a partner who hired Mrs Mainwaring as her assistant, reacted negatively to news of the unexpected pregnancy six months after she was taken on, and began a campaign of harassment The new mum, who is married to Jonny, 34, and is currently on maternity leave, is claiming sexual discrimination.
You may have to answer to your immediate superior, but does that mean you are truly confident in his or her abilities?
They maintained that Fr Clonan's immediate superior - Fr Michael McTernan - at the Coundon church had been alerted to his Clonan's activities when complaints had been made about him as early as 1974, but had not acted upon the information.
Upbraided by his immediate superior, my friend replied, "Harry, if you knew how much I drank last night, you'd be amazed I'm here at all.
David McElhinney, the city's executive director for central services and Mr Finnegan's immediate superior, launched an investigation into the council's news department and shortly afterwards Mr Finnegan was ordered to clear his desk.
The official, whose accusation of ball-tampering against Pakistan led to the protest which prematurely ended the fourth Test against England, emailed his immediate superior, Doug Cowie, with the proposal as the row threatened to wreck the one-day series between the two countries.

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