hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Supervisors rate their relationship with immediate subordinates on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree.
First, early that month, a local daily revealed that, in 2009, the top authorities of the Poliria Nacional (National Police, PN) and some of their immediate subordinates had planned the murder of a retired general who was then the country's "anti-drug czar." Immediately after the articles were published, the government announced--and Congress quickly approved--the creation of a work group whose job is a most complex task, and one that has proved to be impossible in earlier attempts: cleansing the highly corrupt police force.
There is deep wisdom in the Arabian Nights story that the Caliph of Bagdad periodically put on beggar's clothes and went down into the city to find out what was really going on because his immediate subordinates clearly had no incentive to tell him the truth.
Basically, he gained a lot from what seems to be common sense advice about taking care to understand and follow up on customer contacts and to be more proactive about staff and production issues, especially training and mentoring his immediate subordinates in managerial roles.
Apart from the Team leaders and their immediate subordinates, The Pokemon Company has also introduced another trainer named Wally.
High ranking bureaucrats will exercise their power through their immediate subordinates over whom they have total control.

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