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International Organization for Standardization

A non-governmental organization that sets standard codes for countries and currencies. ISO sets the ISO 3166 codes for countries and provinces, which are used in international banking transactions and shipping. Likewise, it sets the ISO 4217 codes for individual currencies. ISO has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and, because its standards are usually adopted into the law of member states, it is more powerful than most other NGOs.

Incentive stock option (ISO).

Corporate executives may be granted incentive stock options (ISOs), also called qualifying stock options. These options aren't taxed when they're granted or exercised, but only when the underlying shares are sold.

If, after exercising the options, participating executives keep the shares for the required period, any earnings from selling the shares are taxed at the owner's long-term capital gains rate.

However, stock option transactions may make sellers vulnerable to the alternative minimum tax (AMT).


References in periodicals archive ?
An in-depth white paper on Applying SAE J3061 to ISO 26262 processes with the LDRA tool suite is available for download at www.
ISO 26262 is a standard intended to be applied to passenger car and need an adjustment to apply to motorcycle.
While ISO 26262 has a detailed elaboration of this model, and much more, we keep things generic so as to discuss the high level ideas.
And, the LDRA tool suite is designed to help customers comply with safety standards and coding rules for a broad range of standards, including DO-178B/C, IEC 61508, ISO 26262, MISRA-C:2004, MISRA AC and MISRA-C++:2008.
ISO 26262, which addresses functional safety in the development of automotive systems
Like its parent standard, IEC 61508, ISO 26262 is a risk-based safety standard, where the risk of hazardous operational situations is qualitatively assessed and safety measures are defined to avoid or control failures or mitigate their effects.
All products are industrial grade and compliant with the highest level of TUV IEC 61508 SIL 4, IEC 62304 Class C, ISO 26262 ASIL D, and EN 50128 SW-SIL 4 and UL, UL 60730-1 Annex H, CSA E60730-1 Annex H, IEC 60730-1 Annex H, UL 60335-1 Annex R, IEC 60335-1 Annex R, and UL 1998 certification standards, providing IoT developers all they need to deliver world-class embedded IoT safety-critical devices.
The first class offered will be 'Model-Based Development of Embedded Software in Compliance with ISO 26262.
The ISO 26262 standard [1] was developed as functional safety standard of electrical and/or electronical systems for road vehicles and is getting more important for automobile development.
Some specific topics include high-voltage battery system concepts for ISO 26262 compliance, the effect of electrode tabs configuration on the electric-thermal behavior of a Li-ion battery, and thermal management modeling for avoidance of thermal runaway conditions in lithium ion batteries.
The latest release of PTC Integrity software has been certified as Fit for Purpose for functional safety development in alignment with IEC 61508 and ISO 26262 (functional safety standard for passenger vehicles).
In the automotive control systems development industry, International Safety Standard ISO 26262 was issued in November 2011 to achieve high functional safety in products(5).