initial public offering

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Initial public offering (IPO)

A company's first sale of stock to the public. Securities offered in an IPO are often, but not always, those of young, small companies seeking outside equity capital and a public market for their stock. Investors purchasing stock in IPOs generally must be prepared to accept considerable risks for the possibility of large gains. IPOs by investment companies (closed-end funds) usually include underwriting fees that represent a load to buyers.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Initial Public Offering

The first price for which a company offers to sell stock in itself when it moves from private ownership to public trade. More generally, it refers to the actual first sale of stock to the public. Small companies looking for a new source of financing offer most IPOs, but large companies who wish to be publicly traded can offer them as well. An IPO is generally a risky investment, because one does not know how much demand will exist for the stock after its initial offering; the risk comes from the uncertainty about the stock's resale value. See also: Publicly-traded company.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

initial public offering (IPO)

A company's first sale of stock to the public. Securities offered in an IPO are often but not always those of young, small companies seeking outside equity capital and a public market for their stock. Investors purchasing stock in IPOs generally assume very large risks for the possibility of large gains. See also pre-IPO.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Initial public offering (IPO).

When a company reaches a certain stage in its growth, it may decide to issue stock, or go public, with an initial public offering (IPO). The goal may be to raise capital, to provide liquidity for the existing shareholders, or a number of other reasons.

Any company planning an IPO must register its offering with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

In most cases, the company works with an investment bank, which underwrites the offering. That means marketing the shares being offered to the public at a set price with the expectation of making a profit.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

initial public offering (IPO)

the first public sale of shares in a firm having newly obtained a STOCK MARKET listing.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

initial public offering (IPO)

the first sale of the SHARES/STOCK to investors in a firm that has newly obtained a STOCK EXCHANGE listing. Mostly, IPOs involve previously private firms converting to public limited company (plc) status. IPOs are undertaken to release capital for the original owners of the business and to provide additional finance to fund the expansion of the business. See SHARE ISSUE, JOINT-STOCK COMPANY.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, Uber's IPO filing revealed a loss of nearly $2 billion last year, and its first-quarter results indicate that things won't be improving anytime soon.
Indeed, IPO filing documents spell out how the amount of the federal tax break--not known until the shares are traded--should be split up.
According to its April 27 revised IPO filing, the Chinese facebook clone's monthly unique log-in user base grew by only five million, or 19 per cent, in the first quarter of 2011 - not the seven million, or 29 per cent, it reported in its first filing only 12 days earlier.
IPO market condition is measured by average initial returns of IPOs within the same two-digit primary SIC code industry of the sample IPO during the book-building period, between a firm's IPO filing date and its IPO date.
Because the cost of going public continues to rise as a result of SarbanesOxley compliance, both in terms of IPO filings costs--including the cost of acquiring the needed SEC, legal, and accounting expertise--and the ongoing associated costs of compliance itself, many privately held companies will seek funds through alternative sources.
* Conduct a cost-benefit analysis to determine whether two years of comparative audited balance sheets should be presented in IPO filings. In addition, regulation S-B should require post-IPO filings to include audited financial statements for the same number of periods currently required by regulation S-X.
Watching IPO filings can be interesting as most would get their target valuation, or even exceed them.
In its IPO filings, GT disclosed that LDK represented 62 percent of the company's sales in fiscal 2008, and there was an inherent risk at being so dependent on one customer.
In the latest update to its IPO filings in the US, Twitter reveals that IBM is suing it over three alleged patent infringements.
To be sure, in its IPO filings and other documents, Facebook reports that it considers about 5 percent of "members" to be fraudulent.