The government rejected the DOP at the third IGADD meeting (July 1994) whereas the SPLM expressed full confidence in IGADD and the DOP.
During that hiatus, the government tried to bypass IGADD by signing a Political Charter (1996) with Machar, Akol, and other southern warlords.
Again, revitalization of IGADD will be central to this objective.
Fostering regional integration via IGADD may help reduce interstate conflict in the long run, but most of the conflicts provoking humanitarian crises in the region are intra-state in nature, which IGADD is much less equipped to address.
Although Khartoum has rejected the DOP and is in fact questioning the credibility of at least Eritrea and Uganda to remain on the mediation committee, IGADD remains united in its search for peace in Sudan under the terms of the DOP.
What this calls for, then, is a collaborative project that will involve not only Egypt working with the neighboring countries of IGADD, but also others from the international community, to bring peace to Sudan.