Presumably, a return visit to Khartoum by Johnston in June 2000 for talks about bilateral ties and the IGADD
peace initiative to end the civil war in Sudan were used by the Sudanese authorities to request American help in lifting the U.
The government rejected the DOP at the third IGADD meeting (July 1994) whereas the SPLM expressed full confidence in IGADD and the DOP.
During that hiatus, the government tried to bypass IGADD by signing a Political Charter (1996) with Machar, Akol, and other southern warlords.
Again, revitalization of IGADD will be central to this objective.
Fostering regional integration via IGADD may help reduce interstate conflict in the long run, but most of the conflicts provoking humanitarian crises in the region are intra-state in nature, which IGADD is much less equipped to address.
Although Khartoum has rejected the DOP and is in fact questioning the credibility of at least Eritrea and Uganda to remain on the mediation committee, IGADD
remains united in its search for peace in Sudan under the terms of the DOP.