For the time being Pakistan has enacted the New York Convention and the ICSID convention
for enforcement of foreign arbitral awards but this does not ensure smooth enforcement.
obligations under the ICSID Convention
and, until recently, few ICSID
Bilateral Investment Treaties, Free Trade Agreements and the ICSID Convention
Ecuador applied for annulment on several grounds, however the committee only accepted the manifest excess of power standard in assuming jurisdiction under Article 52(1) of the ICSID Convention
Specifically, it asks whether a subdivision of a federal State made subject to the jurisdiction of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes ("ICSID" or "the Centre") under Article 25 of the ICSID Convention
(1) may be responsible as a juridical person independent of its State for violating an investment treaty (e.
10) Over the past few years, Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela withdrew from the ICSID Convention
and terminated a considerable number of BITs.
283) Specifically, the nation claimed that Philip Morris's activities were not an investment under either the ICSID Convention
or the BIT, citing language in the preambles of both to inform the object and purpose of each: Uruguay referred, first, to "the need for international cooperation and economic development" in the ICSID Convention
's preamble, and then to the "economic development process" and "substantially contributions] to the development of the country" in the BIT's preamble.
from the regime by renouncing the ICSID Convention
and, at least in the
Argentina Decision of the Arbitral Tribunal on Objections to Jurisdiction found that, "for the purposes of the ICSID Convention
and the Bilateral Treaty, the claimants are foreign investors, even though they did not directly operate the investment in the respondent's territory, but acted through companies constituted for that purpose.
87) Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia have withdrawn from the ICSID Convention
The UAE is a contracting party to the ICSID Convention
and has signed 40 bilateral investment treaties ("BITs") with developed and developing countries, 29 of which are currently in force.
M theses assesses the ability of the Chilean legal framework and mining companies to adopt carbon capture and storage standards, and the legal consequences of a denunciation of the ICSID Convention
on Latin American countries?