An investigation of air traffic control (ATC) operational errors showed that a high proportion of near misses occurred after a period of sustained high workload, suggesting that the hysteresis effect
may have been a strong contributor (East, 1993; Smolensky, 1990).
Hence, we find little evidence in favour of insider hysteresis effects
in the Norwegian wage formation process.
Various surveys (Burns, 1990A; Coe, 1989; Gera et al., 1990) provide support for hysteresis effects
, although it is very difficult, if not impossible, to distinguish empirically between unemployment hysteresis and slow labour-market adjustment.
where r is the interest rate on government bonds, g is the growth rate of potential output, [eta] is the hysteresis effect
of current output on future potential output, [tau] is the tax rate, and p is the government spending multiplier.
As these materials evolve, the magnitude of the hysteresis effects
Then we derive our rules of thumb for assessing the importance of hysteresis effects
for a given path of adjustment and set of initial conditions.
However, a full review will not be presented here since the purpose is simply to show how hysteresis effects
may be directly related to the direction of wetting, i.e.
Similarly, the permeability coefficient characteristic curves of two kinds of red mud also reveal the significant hysteresis effect
. Moreover, the hysteresis effect
of permeability coefficient characteristic curve of Bayer red mud is significantly higher than that of sintering red mud.
Further, the hysteresis effect
, owing to the specific relationship between headquarters and their foreign subsidiaries, is a crucial but rarely examined phenomenon.
During this period, the rainfall was small and the reservoir water level was in the slow decline stage, coupled with the hysteresis effect
that groundwater variation lags behind reservoir level; as a result, the change in seepage field in the landslide was not obvious, and there is no major change in displacement field.
However, a hysteresis effect
was observed as measured capacitance lagged at higher levels during drying.