# Distribution

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## Distribution

Selling a large lot of a security in such a way that the security price is not heavily influenced.

## Distribution

1. A situation in which a security's or market's trading volume is higher on a given trading day than the previous trading day without any price appreciation. This is taken as an indicator that the security or market has hit its highest price and will soon decline.

2. The payment of the assets in an IRA or other retirement account to the account holder or his/her beneficiary. Distributions usually begin after retirement, but may begin before with the payment of applicable penalties.

3. A dividend paid to a company's or mutual fund's shareholders.

4. An institution's consistent sale of a single security over a long period of time as opposed to all at once. This is done to avoid causing fluctuations in price. See also: Accumulation.

## distribution

2. An investment company payment to its shareholders of capital gains realized from the sale of securities. Investment company shareholders, not the investment company, pay taxes on a distribution.

## Distribution.

A distribution is money a mutual fund pays its shareholders either from the dividends or interest it earns or from the capital gains it realizes on the sale of securities in its portfolio.

Unless you own the fund through a tax-deferred or tax-free account, you owe federal income tax on most distributions, the exception being interest income from municipal bond funds. That tax is due whether or not you reinvest the money to buy additional shares in the fund.

You'll owe tax at your regular rate on short-term gains and on income from interest. The tax on qualifying dividends and long-term gains is calculated at your long-term capital gains rate. Your end-of-year statement will indicate which income belongs to each category.

The term distribution is also used to describe certain actions a corporation takes. For example, if a corporation spins off a subsidiary as a standalone company, it will issue shares in that subsidiary to current stockholders. That's considered a distribution. Corporate dividends may also be described as distributions.

## distribution

the process of storing and moving products to customers, often through intermediaries such as WHOLESALERS and RETAILERS. The task of physical distribution management involves moving specified quantities of products to places where customers can conveniently buy them, in time to replenish stocks, and in good condition. The objective is to maximize the availability of the product whilst minimizing the cost of distribution. Distribution is often described as one of the FOUR P'S of marketing as it is concerned with getting products to the correct place where they can be bought. Thus, distribution will include the selection of appropriate DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS in order to bring a firm's products to its selected markets. However where a business employs an integrated distribution system, distribution will include inventory, warehousing, materials handling, transport and order processing. See MARKETING; LOGISTICS, JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) SYSTEM, DISTRIBUTION RESOURCE PLANNING; FOUR P'S OF MARKETING, FREIGHT, PIGGY BACKING.

## distribution

the process of storing and moving products to customers, often through intermediaries such as WHOLESALERS and RETAILERS. See DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL.

## Distribution

Money or property a taxpayer receives from a retirement plan such as an individual retirement arrangement or an employer-maintained retirement plan. See also Distributions by Corporations.
References in periodicals archive ?
For illustrative purposes, Exhibit 2 shows the sample sizes that result from using the hypergeometric distribution as compared to the binomial distribution (without adjustment for the finite population correction factor) for assumed combinations of inputs.
In cases where the sample size is small, the Fisher's Exact Test (which is based upon the hypergeometric distribution) may be utilized in place of the pools approach discussed above.
The probabilities (p-values) for each of these four scenarios are calculated using the hypergeometric distribution and then added together resulting in the Fisher's exact p-value.
But if, instead, we perform the same sampling without replacement, removing balls in succession from the urn until we hold a group of four, we obtain the standard hypergeometric distribution (2).
Comparable chain calculations are vital for the proposed variant of the hypergeometric distribution, and indeed they make any other approach unthinkable, given the enormous reduction in calculations otherwise required by the hypergeometric.
Fader and Hardie [8] have shown that q = 1 - p has a Gauss hypergeometric distribution. The Gauss hypergeometric distribution has also been used by Dauxois [9] to introduce conjugate priors in the Bayesian inference for linear growth birth and death processes.
This is what the multivariate hypergeometric distribution accomplishes.
Introductory chapters bring readers up to date with the mathematics, probability and statistics preliminaries, with the chapters following describing families of discrete distributions, binomial distributions and negative binomial distribution, Poisson and hypergeometric distributions, logarithmic and Lagrangian distributions, mixture and stopped-sum distributions, matching, occupancy, runs, and q-series distributions, and parametric regression models.
Sampling from Poisson, binomial, and hypergeometric distributions: Ratio of uniforms as a simple and fast alternative.
The paper "A Filtering Method for Identification of Significant Target mRNAs of Coexpressed and Differentially Expressed MicroRNA Clusters" devises to use hypergeometric distributions to identify significant miRNA target genes from an extensive list of predicted miRNA target gene relationships.

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