9, 2011) (discussing human enhancement
's impact on legal definitions, specifically the definition of "personhood" for "artificially created entities").
Although bioterrorism is indeed a severe hazard for our civilization, the therapeutic potential of human enhancement
technologies should not be held hostage to such concerns.
Debate and usage of the new Human Enhancement
Technologies (HET) started in economically and technically most developed societies, in the second half of the XXth century.
 Nick Bostrom & Rebeca Roache (2007) "Ethical Issues in Human Enhancement
", in Jesper Ryberg.
The potential impact of this rapid expansion of human enhancement
drug use on population health, health care systems and society in general is considerable.
Mars aficionados are not eager to discuss human enhancement
. When I ask X Prize Foundation CEO Peter H.
That is clear in his 2004 book, Liberal Eugenics: In Defence of Human Enhancement
. However, he is against radical enhancement of athletic prowess beyond our current top sprinters, of intellect beyond Einstein, and length of life beyond the current record of 122 years.
So used, synthetic biology would raise some questions familiar in the debate about human enhancement
. Would a "synthesized" person feel that she was not fully her own agent, a member of the moral community in equal standing with everybody else, because her identity was not her own identity in the same way as it is for those whose identities are not a function of technical control?
That we will soon be able to tweak human beings in these ways is not in question; rather, the contributions to Human Enhancement
consider whether and to what extent we should use the new technologies to do this.
One example is the 2008 National Citizens Technology Forum (NCTF) on Nanotechnology and Human Enhancement
, coordinated by the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University The NCTF examined the implications of using biotechnology, nanotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science to radically enhance individual human capabilities.
Gasson purposely contaminated a computer chip which has been inserted into his hand as part of research into the potential risks involved with implanted devices such as heart pacemakers and human enhancement
. "Our research shows that implantable technology has developed to the point where implants are capable of communicating, storing and manipulating data," Gasson
(2009), "The Wisdom of Nature: An Evolutionary Heuristic for Human Enhancement
," in Savulescu, J.