Biotechnology

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Related to Human Genome Project: gene therapy, DNA fingerprinting

Biotechnology

The use of living things, such as one-cell organisms, in technological innovations. Biotechnology has particular applications in medicine, agriculture, engineering, and similar fields. Biotech organizations may make and market their own products, or they may be departments within another company, such as a pharmaceutical corporation.
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Hosted by the University of Kansas Medical Center, this teacher-created archive of lesson plans offers a wide variety of content that supports the teaching of genetic basics, inheritance patterns, and the controversial issues associated with the Human Genome Project.
In the December issue of Nature, the Human Genome Project published the genetic sequence of the first human chromosome to be fully mapped, chromosome 22.
The Human Genome Project (HGP), initiated in October of 1990 by the US Government's Department of Energy (DOE), is the most complex and far-reaching biological research project in human history.
DoubleTwist said last month it has completed extensive analysis of the currently available Human Genome Project data, revealing genes and other valuable information.
The chief challenger to the Human Genome Project is a private company called Celera Genomics Corp.
He said: "The Human Genome Project, which will be completed soon, will disclose several hundred cancer genes.
As researchers attempt to validate discoveries made on the foundation of The Human Genome Project, they find technologies such as qRT-PCR ideal for their targeted studies.
This ERIC Digest identifies how the human genome project fits into the "National Science Education Standards" and lists Human Genome Project Web sites found on the World Wide Web.
Last summer, the completion of the first phase Of the Human Genome Project grabbed world headlines.
THE Human Genome Project has its roots in research carried out 50 years ago when scientists first discovered the structure of DNA.
SAGE picks up where the Human Genome Project leaves off by providing insight into the role of genes in disease," said Gail Maderis, president, Genzyme Molecular Oncology.
Although rough maps of the X and other chromosomes have been made before, this is the first time that any chromosome has been mapped to the level of detail set by the Human Genome Project, a $3 billion effort to describe the human genetic blueprint completely, said Eric Green of the National Human Genome Research Institute.

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