Consolidation will include horizontal mergers
to create entities with larger market share and greater economies of scale, as well as vertical mergers to enhance cost efficiencies along the supply chain and smooth profit volatility.
Furthermore, certain types of horizontal mergers
(where the merging parties have less than a 20% market share) and vertical mergers (where the merging parties have less than a 30% market share in both the upstream and downstream markets) are allowed to go through a simplified procedure.
and affiliations (between like organizations) help to create more efficient and coordinated organizations that can reduce administrative costs, and share limited clinical resources and expertise across two or more hospitals or providers.
Part 4 outlines the most salient points the study makes about (I) coordinated conduct and oligopolistic pricing, (2) predatory pricing and predatory investments, (3) horizontal mergers
and acquisitions, (4) conglomerate mergers, and (5) various pricing-techniques, contract-clause and sales-policy surrogates for vertical integration, and vertical mergers and acquisitions.
proposition in the antitrust law of horizontal mergers
& acquisitions into adjacent markets that are less correlated with crop prices, such as grain storage and animal protein production systems.
in the form of horizontal mergers
than targets without alliance experience.
He went on to say that the process could entail additional horizontal mergers
and acquisitions, but it's likely there will also be vertical consolidation, as well as joint ventures among health care stakeholders.
Schaerr, Note, The Cellophane Fallacy and the Justice Department's Guidelines for Horizontal Mergers
, 94 Yale L.
When you look at these vertical and horizontal mergers
, you are really talking about a fundamental rearrangement of the industry," she said.
The 11th edition contains a new "Taking Sides" feature, requiring students to apply critical thinking skills to case-based fact situations; 21 new legal cases; and recent legal and regulatory changes, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010; amendments to the Revised Model Business Corporation Act; Leahy-Smith America Invents Act of 2011; Horizontal Mergers
Guidelines of 2010; and Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments of 2008.
antitrust enforcement agencies have revised upward their presumptions on the thresholds of market concentration necessary for horizontal mergers
to raise competitive concerns.