Horizontal Agreement

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Horizontal Agreement

An agreement between two companies at the same level on the supply chain to work together. At its worst, a horizontal agreement can indicate collusion. However, this is ordinarily not the case; for example, companies may agree to pool their marketing resources for mutual benefit.
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The actions of the NHL, MLB, the RSNs and the MVPDs would most likely constitute a Section 1 of the Sherman Act claim as they have created horizontal agreements amongst themselves.
Louis Kaplow, On the Meaning of Horizontal Agreements in Competition Law, 99 CALIF.
They cover the economic, legal, and historical background of the country, including national and international sources, scope of application, substantive provisions and main notions, and the enforcement system, then examine cartels and other horizontal agreements, vertical restraints, types of abusive conduct by the dominant firms, and the appraisal of concentrations; the administrative enforcement of competition law, focusing on the antitrust authorities' powers of investigation and the right of defense of suspected companies; voluntary merger notifications and clearance decisions; filing obligations; and the judicial review of administrative decisions; and raising challenges to administrative decisions.
At the same time as publishing the new draft guidelines on horizontal agreements, the European Commission published draft new block exemptions covering specialisation agreements and research and development agreements.
He was Chair of the Section's Working Group responding to the Commission White Paper on the reform of EC antitrust enforcement, and he co-chaired Working Groups on the 1997 amendments to the EC Merger Regulation, the EC Green Paper on Vertical Restraints and the Commission's draft guidelines on Horizontal Agreements.
One is the highfalutin language of bar association meetings and academic conferences, where sessions are given titles like "Antitrust Enforcement and High Technology Markets," "Networks, Lock-In Effects, and the New Economy," and "New Approaches to Reviewing Horizontal Agreements.
In a press release announcing that he's asked the Senate Antitrust Subcommittee to hold hearings on selection practices of the College Bowl Alliance, he wrote, ``There is substantial evidence that the most powerful conferences have entered into horizontal agreements to allocate the multimillion-dollar bowl market among themselves and to engage in a group boycott of non-Alliance teams and goals.
In "Innovation, Cooperation, and Antitrust," editors Jorde and Teece focus their attention on horizontal agreements among firms who are potential competitors and argue for a different approach to horizontal restraints.
The topics include vertical and horizontal agreements, technical transfer agreements, and procedure and enforcement.
com/reports/c14446) has announced the addition of Horizontal Agreements and EU Competition Law to their offering.
There is substantial evidence that the most powerful bowls and the most powerful conferences have entered into horizontal agreements to allocate the multimillion-dollar bowl market among themselves and to engage in a group boycott of nonalliance teams and bowls,'' said Sen.
com/reports/c22862) has announced the addition of Horizontal Agreements and EU Competition Law to their offering.