homeworking


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homeworking

work performed at home for an organization or individual. Such work is usually performed by those confined to the home for some reason (for example child-care commitments) and usually involves simple assembly or packaging and dispatch, though there are more sophisticated variants (see NETWORKING). It is commonly found in the clothing industry, either for simple manufacture at the bottom-end of the market, or for creation of one-off fashion design at the top end. Payment is usually based on output, and rates of pay are often very low. Since homeworkers are usually freelance, not employees, they receive little employment or earnings protection and do not contribute directly to the social INSURANCE system. For this reason homeworking can be advantageous to those business people who place a premium on minimizing labour costs as part of a policy of competing on prices. Labour costs may be kept at a level which makes it not financially worthwhile to automate the production process on the employer's premises. A recurrent problem, however, is a high drop-out rate amongst homeworkers (see LABOUR TURNOVER). Once they are no longer confined to the home conventional employment may be more financially and socially rewarding.
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TUC North East Regional Secretary Beth Farhat said: "These figures show how hundreds of thousands of people in the region have embraced homeworking.
Homeworking is seen as one of the new business cultures for QS firms to execute and presume to survive in construction industry.
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is also a key board concern, and homeworking is one way that organisations can make a contribution to the employment prospects of, for example, disabled people as well as provide work for other disadvantaged groups.
There are reportedly three main types of scam homeworking scheme.
Kwik-Fit Financial Services offer a range of flexible working benefits including compressed hours, job share and homeworking, as well as the ability to buy extra holidays and a generous maternity package.
An alliance of the TUC, Oxfam, and the National Group on Homeworking wants all existing employment rights to be extended to homeworkers, agency and casual workers.
According to details in the Official Journal of the European Union, it includes the new debating chamber and 'furniture for homeworking'.
The Midland bosses behind one of the biggest ever UK homeworking scams could face huge confiscation orders.
Even now, though, many companies are still reluctant to encourage homeworking for a variety of reasons: the sense that staff would not work as hard; the fear that teamwork would suffer; the increased difficulty in directing and managing staff; problems of staff evaluation; and the cost associated with ensuring that remote employees were properly equipped to do their jobs.
The literature on homeworking has addressed the problems in two ways.
As a result, a request for homeworking is likely to be treated by the tribunals in the same way as a request for part-time work and, therefore, an employer must be able to show any requirement to attend the workplace to be objectively justified.
They use data from the Spring 1998 LFS and from aggregated data from four quarterly surveys to address questions about homeworkers' reliance on information technology (ICTs), the link between homeworking and absolute and relative low pay, gender and ethnicity in homeworking and the extent of childcare amongst homeworkers.