hierarchy


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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Social capital's ability to facilitate the exchange of favors enables those with considerable social capital to influence a social network beyond their hierarchy. As when financial resources give an individual considerable purchasing power in a community, having significant social resources can enable one to request favors otherwise socially impossible.
Any new document management system project will have individuals who want everything brand new and sparkling but remember that brushing off the hierarchy you had in the old system should save time and effort and work just as well with a nip and tuck and the addition of any new values required.
After 50 years of upholding a ban on contraception and causing enormous harm to the lives and health of primarily women and children around the globe, the hierarchy's antilife position should end.
Note that spectral problem (3) with [epsilon] = 0 is reduced to super-NLS-mKdV hierarchy case [24].
You must realize that beyond "everyone reports to you," there are signs of informal hierarchy as well that employees follow:
Previously, the hierarchy served only as a guide to Maine's policymakers.
In any case, this hierarchy's call has drawn deep concern and apprehensions from all around.
The GMDC/Nielsen GM Hierarchy was created in a cooperation between GMDC and Nielsen Co.
KPK issue should, would not be difficult whenever the need arose, but Sindh which was already difficult to redeem, gets worse due to total disinterest of party hierarchy.
This kind of hierarchy is especially useful for smaller schematics; if there is only one page of circuitry representing a board design, it can be broken down into any number of blocks without requiring that the circuits be broken up into separate sheets with one top level design to contain the block symbols.
They also found that those who were better at learning the social hierarchy had an increased volume of grey matter in the amygdala compared with those less able.