hierarchy

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Related to Hierachy: hierarchy, Hierarchy of needs

Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mannerist forms have a plastic quality, unfolding to reveal a hierachy of spaces that lead up and into the inner sanctum.
NEW PRIORITIES PRESCRIPTIONS FOR CHANGE Making Government Flatten Federal Hierachy Citizen-Centered Use Internet to Create Citizen Centric Government Create an E-Government Fund Making Government Link Budget and Management Results-Oriented Decisions to Performance Ensure Financial Accountability Reduce Erroneous Payments to Beneficiaries Use Capital Planning to Improve Performance Eliminate Duplicative & Ineffective Programs Expand the Use of Performance Based Contracts Incorporate Successful Private Sector Reforms Making Government Make E-Procurement the Market-Based Governmentwide Standard Open Government Activities to Competition Source: A Blueprint for New Beginnings, Office of Management and Budget (OMB), February 2001, pp.
In "Willa Cather and the Ambivalence of Hierachy," Seguin examines a "vision of classlessness" (59) that departs from his general model.
But the club's hierachy appear to have other plans for O'Connor and have so far offered him only a one-year deal, one he described as 'belittling.
The hierachy is like this: We know the story's been running in the L.
In a standard Chinese gang hierachy known as bei or generation, they were the senior generation whose given names were earmarked by the character tian (heaven).
Soldiers ordered by a rigid hierachy to sacrifice their lives for imperialist expansion probably gained a modicum of temporary relief in the brothels through a psychological process known as "transfer of oppression.
The restructuring of this collection of species into a new hierachy provides a number of testable hypotheses.
The Catholic hierachy as a body is familiar with the Nuremberg principle: Following unjust orders does not exempt anyone from moral responsibility or punishment.
A hierachy of authority is set giving decision making privileges to elderly family members, parents, and males.
Building cross-functional systems--The transformed organization will move away from the functional hierachy.
But the fact remains that a system of international hierachy, based on economic and political factors, and ferociously defended by military means, exists, and at no time more so than in the 1980s.