Our primary measure of controlling shareholders' power is Herfindahl
Ownership Concentration Index based on the five largest shareholders' equity stakes, following Demsetz and Lehn (1985) and many subsequent studies of ownership structure.
Deputy Trade Representative for the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Erland Herfindahl
The delegation of Uzbekistan led by Vice Prime Minister Tanzila Narbaeva held talks with Erland Herfindahl
, Deputy Assistant of U.S.
Finally, the Herfindahl
index (the sum of squared share of exports within the respective two-digit ISIC industrial category) indicates the concentration of a particular industry at the five-digit level within its two-digit ISIC category.
To measure the business concentration of each firm we construct the Line Herfindahl
variable, which has an average (median) value of 0.42 (0.37), indicating considerable diversification across lines of business (a value of 1 indicates a single line of insurance).
I use the Herfindahl
Equity Index to measure equity concentration.
Several studies use the Herfindahl
index to measure salary disparity, other studies use the standard deviation or coefficient of variation, while other studies use the Gini coefficient.
Trade Representative for the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Erland Herfindahl
at a business forum, Kazinform reported.
Comparing an industry's selling intensity with the degree to which it is dominated by a few firms, as measured by the Herfindahl
index, does not indicate a systematic relationship between the two measures across industries, suggesting that the story of customer capital is distinct from the story of market power (Figure 3).
To further explore the robustness of the diversity-stability relationship, we measure stability using four metrics (unemployment rate, population/employment ratio, concentration of establishments, and average weekly wages) and two measures of economic diversity (Herfindahl
[[H.sub.i]] index and the log share [[L.sub.i]] index).
With respect to loan level diversity, the pool's loan level Herfindahl
score is 31.7 (28.2 excluding structured credit assessed loans).
Also, the report maps the competition in each region using the Herfindahl