Helsinki Accords

(redirected from Helsinki Final Act)

Helsinki Accords

A 1975 international agreement that dramatically reduced tensions between the United States and allies and Soviet bloc nations. The Accords effectively recognized Soviet hegemony in Eastern Europe in exchange for assurances that the Soviet Union would improve its human rights record. Canada, the United States and all European countries except Andorra and Albania signed the Helsinki Accords. It was seen as a first step toward improved Soviet-Western relations.
References in periodicals archive ?
"United Nations Charter, Helsinki Final Act has a very clear definition of the balance between territorial integrity and self-determination.
He told the Council this matter has brought the devastation of war right back to the heart of Europe - violating central provisions of international law, the Helsinki Final Act and later OSCE commitments.
The Helsinki +40 Process provides an opportunity to review the progress made since the signing of the Helsinki Final Act, address shortcomings in achieving its aims - both as individual participating States and as an Organization - and focus on practical ways to apply enduring OSCE principles to meet 21st century challenges.
The EU continues to fully support the efforts of the Minsk Group Co-Chairs and their focus on a fair and lasting settlement based on the core principles of the Helsinki Final Act. The EU is already supporting peace-building activities and is ready to further support measures to prepare the populations for peace.
"At the same time, it is necessary to note the principles of a phased resolution of the conflict, where one of the main points includes such measures as the liberation of the territories around the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, the return of forced migrants to these territories, ensuring their security, and their fundamental basis is the Helsinki Final Act, which stresses that principle of self-determination of peoples should in no way harm the territorial integrity of states."
In a Security Council session held Friday on Ukraine, the US Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power highlighted the fact the members gathered because "Russia continues to occupy Ukraine's autonomous region of Crimea, in defiance of international law, in defiance of its treaty obligations, the Helsinki Final Act, and the resolution passed by 100 members of the UN General Assembly that rejected the phony Crimea referendum and that called for Ukraine's territorial integrity to be respected." In her speech before the Council, whom she leads this month, Power affirmed that Moscow continues "to arm, train, support, and fight alongside separatists in eastern Ukraine.
"As for the principles of the conflict settlement, it is impossible to misinterpret the principles clearly stated in the CSCE Helsinki Final Act, to which the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group refer in their recent statement," she said.
A White House readout of the call, conducted late on Saturday, said Obama "expressed his deep concern over Russia's clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity, which is a breach of international law, including Russia's obligations under the UN Charter, and of its 1997 military basing agreement with Ukraine, and which is inconsistent with the 1994 Budapest Memorandum and the Helsinki Final Act." These are the toughest words yet from the American president, who had warned Russia only 24 hours before that there would be "costs" should additional troops be deployed to the Ukrainian coast along the Black Sea.
"This is important not only so Kazakhstan can demonstrate its commitment to upholding the human dimension, but also because 2010 marks the 35th Anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act. I can assure you that at the summit the United States will stand up for all OSCE principles, especially with regard to human rights," Robert Blake added.
The idea is that the OSCE has capabilities and a mandate based on the Helsinki Final Act, the 1999 OSCE Summit documents, and the Charter for European Security to promote contact in the military-political area that will enhance trust.
"The statement once again notes that the format of the negotiations cannot be changed, and the negotiations are based on the principles stipulated in the Helsinki Final Act," Babaoglu added.
This is a process to reinforce and revitalize the OSCE in the period between now and 2015, which is the 40th anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act," he said.
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