Professor Mawardi presented to the participants the specificities of the case of Aceh, which was granted autonomous region status in 2005 under the Helsinki Agreement
. The expert regretted that the "Movement for a Free Aceh" (GAM), a former armed rebel group, had rejected the autonomy proposal made by the Indonesian government several years earlier, before finally accepting it.
He pointed out that he was also involved in peace negotiations between Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM) and the Indonesian government in 2015 which led to the signing of the Helsinki agreement
This sounds a lot like a Gulf-anchored, Middle East-wide version of the Helsinki agreement
between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective camps in 1975.
Contrary to the critics, the commitments in the Helsinki agreement
provided the basis, first for opposition movements in Communist states, and subsequently for actual changes in Soviet and Soviet satellite practices.
the Helsinki Agreement
, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
When the USSR broke up in 1990 the disintegration did not theoretically affect the Helsinki agreement
, because the USSR had been 15 countries in a union, with each country having its own Supreme Soviet (for example).
The Helsinki agreement
, signed in Baghdad, the Iraqi capital, on Saturday, includes commitments to outlaw armed groups and respect the judiciary's independence.
The Helsinki agreement
, which was hammered out over meetings in September and April, was signed by 33 politicians from Sunni, Shiite, Kurdish, Turkmen, Communist and other parties.
The Vietnam War was finally over and the Helsinki Agreement
- marking the seeming end of the Cold War - had been signed.
The Helsinki Agreement
also was widely viewed as the beginning of the communism collapse in USSR and Eastern Europe.
Drawing on the example of the Helsinki Agreement
negotiated with the Soviet Union in 1975, leaders such as Southern Baptist executive Richard Land and Prison Fellowship founder Chuck Colson said similar talks with North Korea could result in progress for human rights.
Britain now insists an exchange of information among tax authorities is the only way to meet the Helsinki agreement
that "all citizens resident in a Member State of the EU should pay the tax due on all their savings income".