hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
(7) Muratori meticulously outlined the structure and heirarchy of the new proposed collective, offering a possible solution towards improving Italy's literary image both within Italy and abroad.
Male leaders were found to be more transactional, and generated their power from their position in the formal organisational heirarchy whereas female managers were transformative and derived power from personal traits (Gardiner & Tiggemann, 1999).
It was the second embarrassment in two months for the Catholic heirarchy. In January, a group of (http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/423928/20130114/gay-pope-vatican-protest.htm) topless lesbians with the Femen radical group heckled the Pope in St Peter's Square, accusing him of homophobia .
One of the three due to be released by Pakistan soon is Mullah Baradar, number two in the Taliban heirarchy after Mullah Omar, its leader.
Next in heirarchy, a whopping 52 restaurants were recognised and given single-star rating.
Beckham responded with a statement underlining his disappointment and it is believed leading figures in the British Olympic heirarchy including Lord Coe, who worked closely with the player during London's successful bid to host the event, were also unhappy that such a globally recognised figure would no longer be part of the Games.
There is a heirarchy of courts and there are two higher courts.
I know this will not happen and I shall expect to read in the Post sometime in the future of their promotion in racing's heirarchy.
Prior to his involvement with the Latsis group he worked in Japan, and worked his way up through SETE's heirarchy in what he terms a "fundamentally correct" way, working as an engineer, construction manager, an operations manager and finally, to CEO.
Accordingly, the Court has frequently reaffirmed that speech on public issues occupies the highest rung of the heirarchy of First Amendment values, and is entitled to special protection." Connick v.
the French striker has met the Kop heirarchy to state his case as he feels his pounds 4.5million valuation is costing him a chance of Premier League football.
There is, possibly, an allusion to the fears of the Anglican heirarchy about James' dalliance with the religion of Spain.