Health insurance

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Health Insurance

An insurance policy that provides coverage when the policyholder (or his/her dependent) becomes ill. For example, a health insurance policy may pay for most or all of the costs of a surgery. Health insurance may cover doctor's visits, medical procedures, prescription drugs, and so forth. The policyholder pays a premium each month in exchange for the coverage; additionally, the policyholder often must pay coinsurance and/or a copay for certain procedures. In the United States, many people procure health insurance through their employers because it is often expensive to buy on one's own. Likewise, many people have group insurance to provide medical coverage. A significant amount of debate exists as to the appropriate role of the U.S. government in regulating health insurance providers and whether the government should assume this role directly.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Health insurance.

Health insurance covers some of or all the cost of treating an insured person's illnesses or injuries. In some cases, it pays for preventive care, such as annual physicals and diagnostic tests.

You may have health insurance as an employee benefit from your job or, if you qualify, through the federal government's Medicare or Medicaid programs.

You may also buy individual health insurance directly from an insurance company or be eligible through a plan offered by a group to which you belong. As you do with other insurance contracts, you pay premiums to purchase coverage and the insurer pays some of or all your healthcare costs, based on the terms of your contract.

Some health insurance requires that you meet an annual deductible before the insurer begins to pay. There may also be coinsurance, which is your share, on a percentage basis, of each bill, or a copayment, which is a fixed dollar amount, for each visit.

Health insurance varies significantly from plan to plan and contract to contract. Generally, most plans cover hospitalization, doctors' visits, and other skilled care. Some plans also cover some combination of prescription drugs, rehabilitation, dental care, and innovative therapies or complementary forms of treatment for serious illnesses.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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Under a mandatory insurance scheme, all Americans would be required to purchase a basic high-deductible catastrophic health insurance policy from a private insurance company.
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Generally, employers can satisfy this bill's requirements by providing proof of coverage for eligible employees in a Medicare insurance program; an employer-provided group health insurance policy that covers hospital, surgical and medical expenses; a union's health and welfare fund; any other collective bargaining agreement that provides for health and welfare coverage; or any employer-sponsored, group health plan covered by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA).
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The employer applies the salary reduction amounts to the payment of the group health insurance policy during the year.
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