Habeas Corpus


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Habeas Corpus

A writ one may file requiring the custodian of a prisoner to justify in court that the imprisonment is legal. For example, if one is arrested without proper warrant, one may file habeas corpus for one's release. It should be noted that the right to file habeas corpus may be suspended in national emergencies or for other reasons. The concept comes from English common law.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, the American Constitution treats habeas corpus in the context of a suspension clause.
It is true that the writ of habeas corpus predates the modern conception of negative liberties, or the right to be free from government encroachment.
Judicial officers and others' self-interested desire to flex their own muscles in the name of liberty and the rule of law but then to turn around and deny the privilege when it undermined their own power demonstrates the dubiousness of the interpretation that habeas corpus was always about freedom as a first principle or that power-hungry politicians and judges should be commended in unqualified terms for their long battle in securing the freedom of the most vulnerable among us.
The famous Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, "the most wholesome law," was passed not simply to placate the masses, but with the specific desire to protect members of the House of Lords from being arrested by members of the House of Commons (Duker 1980, 48-51, 56).
Although Milligan is different from the modern detainee habeas corpus actions in a number of ways, it is historically significant for considering the extent of military jurisdiction during a suspension of habeas corpus.
43) Ex parte Quirin presented the Supreme Court with a new and difficult question regarding habeas corpus.
The right to habeas corpus is guaranteed in both the American Declaration and the American Convention.
The purpose of this article is to define the scope of the right to habeas corpus in the Inter-American system by examining the drafting history of these treaties and their application by the Inter-American human rights institutions.
section]2241 in a manner that implicates the constitutional guarantee of habeas corpus.
Petitioner begins by asserting that the Court of Appeals erred in holding 'that [MCA [section] 5(a)] absolutely and unambiguously prohibits persons from raising any claim based upon the four Geneva Conventions' in a habeas corpus action.
Mantener presente la necesidad de esta informacion contextual, o tener precauciones a la hora de leer datos de fechas y leyes, puede hacer que comprendamos mas facilmente el atropellado devenir del habeas corpus en Colombia, las tentativas continuas de restriccion a la accion de tutela y, asi mismo, la dificultad para que esas instituciones sean vistas como garantias continuas o compatibles de defensa de la libertad individual.
En este texto se describe entonces la relacion de exclusion que con respecto a la libertad personal mantienen el habeas corpus y la accion de tutela en el orden normativo colombiano; se arguye que esa situacion no es razonable y que existen problemas practicos derivados de la manera como ha sido configurada esa relacion.