com, Congressman Ron Paul added that "Congress needs to let markets work by aggressively repealing health-care laws, including: the HMO Act
of 1973; the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit passed in 2003; and the Obamacare bill passed in 2010.
But new laws started favoring prepaid care, including an HMO act
signed by President Nixon, and in 1973, MatthewThomton accepted its first prepaid patient, Squires said.
The book covers many topics including, but not limited to, a brief history of health insurance prior to the 1970's, the enactment of the HMO Act
, health care in rural America, Antitrust Legislation, private and public sector HMO development, accountability, and health promotion strategies.
The Federal HMO Act
of 1973 sought to foster the creation of health maintenance organizations.
The HMO Act
of 1973 gave HMOs several strategic advantages over traditional indemnity health insurance providers and was justified on the grounds that there were public policy benefits associated with the "more cost efficient" HMOs.
Illinois enacted [section]4-10 of their HMO Act
, which provided for an independent medical review should an HMO deny a covered service on the basis of "medical necessity.
The American Medical Association and IPA lobbyists, however, argued successfully that physicians would never embrace the HMO concept unless the HMO Act
included IPA mode l HMOs.
The narrow legal question before the Court is: Is the independent review provision of Illinois' HMO act
preempted by ERISA?
Although Congress may not have given the then-President everything he asked for, one result of the Nixon Administration's push towards health care reform was passage of the HMO Act
Paul Ellwood, the man who invented the phrase "health maintenance organization" and who convinced Richard Nixon to support the HMO Act
of 1973, the law that subsidized the formation of the U.
The HMO Act
of 1973 gave millions of dollars to HMOs, which, at the time, constituted a tiny share of the market.
The original intent of the HMO Act
(1973) was to stimulate the interests of consumers and providers in the HMO concept, and to allow people to select, for themselves, either a prepaid system for obtaining health services or the more traditional fee-for-service model of healthcare delivery.