2003 <<The emergence of political organizations among the Guarani Indians
of Bolivia and Argentina: a comparative perspective>>.
(5) These Jesuit missions served as bases for converting the Guarani Indians
as well as community centers where religious meetings, schooling for the indigenous population, trade, and commerce all occurred.
Incidentally, the Guarani Indians
traditionally drink yerba mate out of a bull's horn, which seems appropriate, given some of the outlandish claims that are made on behalf of the beverage.
The Guarani Under Spanish Rule is an ambitious, detailed, and thoroughly-researched revisionist historical study of the Jesuit missions established among the Guarani Indians
of the River Plate region of South America from the sixteenth to the early nineteenth century.
Father Gabriel (Irons) is in charge of a group of Jesuit missionaries bringing religion, education and sanctuary to a tribe of Guarani indians
in the jungle of 18th century South America.
In that film, an agreement between Spain and Portugal to redraw the boundaries between their territorial possessions in South America sacrifice s papal support for the Jesuit missions there as well as Church protection for the native Guarani Indians
from predominantly Portuguese slave traders.
There were reducciones in Peru and what is now Bolivia, but the largest and most famous were the reducciones of the Guarani Indians
in the middle basins of the Paraguay and Uruguay Rivers, in the Jesuit province of Paraguay, which was formed in 1607.
What It Might Do: The Guarani Indians
of Paraguay reportedly used stevia leaves to sweeten mate (a bitter-tasting beverage) and to treat diabetes and high blood pressure.